al (2005) and Bergauer et al. This group also includes shelf fungus, which cling to the bark of trees like small shelves. The Basidiomycetes and Ascomycetes resemble each other in the following respects: 1. This is the group of fungi that most people will generally know. Most fungi are haploid through most of their life cycles, but the basidiomycetes produce both haploid and dikaryotic mycelia, with the dikaryotic phase being dominant. It is estimated that there are about 30,000 species, and more species are being discovered all the time. They are produced in the rusts, smuts and some other Basidiomycetes. 3. Basidiomycota (club fungi) produce showy fruiting bodies that contain basidia in the form of clubs. The lifecycle of basidiomycetes includes alternation of generations . Most familiar mushrooms belong to this division. Deuteromycota (imperfect fungi) belong to a polyphyletic group that does not reproduce through sexual reproduction. Some modern fungi (e.g., Penicillium chrysogenum, the source of the antibiotic penicillin) appear to have evolved from lichen-forming ancestors — abandoning their original symbiotic way of life. Two Major Groups Classifying fungi into ascomycetes and basidiomycetes . This Basidiomycota include, but are not restricted to, the mushrooms and toadstools. Basidiomycota. Basidiomycota produce basidiospores located on top of basidia. The division of fungi known as the club fungi, Basidiomycota, includes some of the most familiar fungi. 13.6): It takes place by the following methods: (i) By Conidia (Fig. (2005) has led to … The spores do not travel far, but they depend on the wind to carry them further. Most edible fungi belong to the Phylum Basidiomycota; however, some basidiomycetes produce deadly toxins. The (macro) fungi that are dealt with in this website can be divided into two broad groups, called ascomycetes and basidiomycetes, depending on how their sexual spores are formed.All the macrofungi produce sexual spores, which result from the combination of genetic information from two parents. For example, the work of Geml et. Spores are stored in the basidia. Mushrooms, gasteromycetes, jelly fungi and polypores are also members of the Basidiomycota. In addition, the basidiomycota includes smuts and rusts, which are important plant pathogens; toadstools, and shelf fungi stacked on tree trunks. Reproduction in Basidiomycetes: Asexual Reproduction (Fig. The purely terrestrial mycelium consists of septate, filamentous hyphae both in the Basidiomycetes and Ascomycetes. The basidiospores can separate from the basidia and can be spread by forced ejection, according to the New Brunswick Museum. Basidiomycota is a classification that describes a wide variety of organisms. Many are edible and greatly sought as delicacies. The Basidiomycetes and Ascomycetes are similar in their habit as both include parastitic as well as saprophytic species. Mushrooms, puffballs, and shelf fungi are all members of this group, as are the plant rusts and smuts. A recent noteworthy discovery is that the true Fungi are … Basidiomycetes (Phylum Basidiomycota). The Basidiomycota or basidiomycetes include the rust and smut fungi most of which are obligate plant pathogens. 2. Soil-inhabiting basidiomycetes also include a few important plant pathogens, such as Rhizoctonia , and at least 4,500 species that form mutualistic associations known as ectomycorrhizae with roots of vascular plants . When the basidiospores are ejected, they are called ballistospores. 13.6 A-B): The production of conidia is not of so common occurrence in the Basidiomycetes.