4. var pbHdSlots = [ English How to use will and be going to in English, Differences Between “Will” and “Be going to” USE OF THE FUTURE TENSES If we make a prediction, we can use “will” or “be going to”. googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_l", "en"); }; "noPingback": true, ga('send', 'pageview'); Add ${headword} to one of your lists below, or create a new one. You are going to clean the windows. John: Really? Mrs Lucky is going to meet a friend in town. In English grammar, the future-in-the-past is the use of "would or was/were going to" to refer to the future from the perspective of some point in the past. To make sure that you understand the correct answers, our answer keys offer simple explanations as well as handy tips and tricks. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654174' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446385' }}, PREDICTIONS: We use be going to when … { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195453', size: [320, 50] }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_mpuslot1' }}]}]; { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195466', size: [728, 90] }}, var mapping_rightslot = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], [[300, 250]]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); “I’m going to leave” can be: /gəʊɪŋtə/ – the vowel sound in “to” is reduced to a schwa /gəʊɪntə/ – the vowel sound in “to” is reduced to a schwa and the last consonant sound of “going” is elided, so /ŋ/ becomes /n/ name: "pubCommonId", { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654157' }}, 1st person singular → am + going to + verb … { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_mpuslot' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971063', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_tc", "resp"); 'increment': 0.5, 'cap': true googletag.pubads().disableInitialLoad(); For example: I am going to have breakfast with Carrie. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387233' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971068', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776338', position: 'btf' }}, A decision before the moment of speaking: Julie: There's no milk. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_Billboard' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195452', size: [336, 280] }}, 1.2. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971081', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776140', position: 'atf' }}, If there is an evidence, it is preferred instead of “will”. to be (am, are, is) + going to + infinitive. iasLog("exclusion label : mcp"); iasLog("criterion : sfr = cdo_dict_british-grammar"); Going to Grammar activities ID: 602608 Language: English School subject: English as a Second Language (ESL) Grade/level: Quinto Age: 10-12 Main content: To be going to Other contents: Add to my workbooks (361) Embed in my website or blog Add to Google Classroom addPrebidAdUnits(pbAdUnits); { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [320, 50] }}, We are going to clean the windows. name: "idl_env", They are mostly used in spoken and informal written English. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654149' }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_rightslot' }}]}, name: "identityLink", The word in the example sentence does not match the entry word. Be going to is used when we want to emphasise our decision or the evidence in the present: [An ‘A’ road is a main road. "sign-in": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/auth/signin?rid=READER_ID", form of going … Past perfect simple or past perfect continuous? So Mrs Lucky is going to leave her umbrella at home. In everyday speech, going to is often shortened to gonna, especially in American English, but it is never written that way. A ‘B’ road is a smaller road. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776160', position: 'atf' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654156' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776130', position: 'btf' }}, var pbjs = pbjs || {}; They're (are) going to have an accident. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, dfpSlots['rightslot'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/rightslot', [[300, 250]], 'ad_rightslot').defineSizeMapping(mapping_rightslot).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'mid').setTargeting('hp', 'right').addService(googletag.pubads()); Signal Words. We were going to buy a new TV but then we … {code: 'ad_contentslot_1', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_mpuslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/mpuslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [320, 100], [320, 50], [300, 50]] } }, pbjs.setConfig(pbjsCfg); iasLog("setting page_url: - https://dictionary.cambridge.org/grammar/british-grammar/future-be-going-to-i-am-going-to-work"); { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_mobile_flex' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971081', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776160', position: 'atf' }}, }, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654150' }}, Then we go there, moving through space. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387233' }}, googletag.pubads().set("page_url", "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/grammar/british-grammar/future-be-going-to-i-am-going-to-work"); We use gonna /gənə/ instead of going to in informal contexts, especially in speaking and in song lyrics. type: "html5", in one year, next week, tomorrow; Exercises on going to Future. var mapping_topslot_a = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], []).addSize([0, 550], [[300, 250]]).addSize([0, 0], [[300, 50], [320, 50], [320, 100]]).build(); We use object + am / is / are + going to + be + verb3 (past participle) to form going to future passive voice. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971080', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, The table below provides an overview of positive, negative and interrogative conjugations for the simple future with going to. iasLog("criterion : cdo_pt = entry"); "error": true, A prediction based on opinion: Will is often used in a similar way to be going to. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_mpuslot_flex' }}, Be going to is used when we want to emphasise our decision or the evidence in the present: [An ‘A’ road is a main road. ♦ Emma is going to share an apartment with Melanie. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, We use be going to when we give commands or state that something is obligatory: You’re going to pick up all of those toys right now. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_rightslot' }}, We are now very late so we’re going to take the ‘B’ road. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195453', size: [320, 100] }}, {code: 'ad_topslot_b', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[728, 90]] } }, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '194852', size: [300, 250] }}, He‘s not going to stay at the hotel. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195453', size: [300, 250] }}, // FIXME: (temporary) - send ad requests only if PlusPopup is not shown "be going to" is used to talk about future plans predictions For example: I'm (am) going to learn Spanish next year. storage: { { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '194852', size: [300, 250] }}, We are now very late so we ’re going to take the ‘B’ road. In English grammar, both “Will” and “Be Going to” are used to express future tense but they do not have the same meaning. In informal contexts (such as text messages and emails between friends) and especially in spoken English, going to is often contracted to gonna. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_mpuslot1' }}]}]; priceGranularity: customGranularity, googletag.pubads().setCategoryExclusion('mcp').setCategoryExclusion('resp').setCategoryExclusion('wprod'); }], no unambiguous ones. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346688' }}, 'max': 36, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195466', size: [728, 90] }}, Certain expressions can help us to recognise the tense being used in a sentence. var mapping_houseslot_b = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([963, 0], []).addSize([0, 0], [300, 250]).build(); { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_300x250' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346693' }}, The bee is going to bite you. iasLog("criterion : cdo_pc = dictionary"); Using "going" for plans and intentions { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654156' }}, (Are you going to try and get things organised as soon as you can?). { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654157' }}, 'min': 8.50, We’ re going to have an accident! { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446382' }}, predictions for the future that are based on present evidence. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_rightslot_flex' }}, It’s going to be difficult to get a job during the summer as the tourist industry is suffering from the economic downturn. {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, userIds: [{ I’ m going shopping this afternoon. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, We are going to sing at the party. }); var mapping_leftslot = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([1063, 0], [[120, 600], [160, 600], [300, 600]]).addSize([963, 0], [[120, 600], [160, 600]]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); var pbMobileHrSlots = [ Are you going to buy a new T-shirt?. Be going to is commonly used in informal styles. Grammar. The meaning is the same. Maybe he will come again. In everyday speech, going to is often shortened to gonna, especially in American English, but it is never written that way. iasLog("criterion : cdo_l = en"); { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971079', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, Adverbs and adverb phrases: typical errors, Adjectives and adjective phrases: typical errors, Conjunctions: causes, reasons, results and purpose, Relative clauses referring to a whole sentence, Relative clauses: defining and non-defining, Nationalities, languages, countries and regions, types of English (formal, informal, etc. With Lingolia Plus you can access 13 additional exercises about Future Simple (going to), as well as 718 online exercises to improve your English. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_300x250' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776336', position: 'btf' }}, var dfpSlots = {}; "authorization": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/auth/info?rid=READER_ID&url=CANONICAL_URL&ref=DOCUMENT_REFERRER&type=&v1=&v2=&v3=&v4=british-grammar&_=RANDOM", { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, We use ‘going to’ to talk about our future plans. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346698' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_Billboard' }}, {code: 'ad_contentslot_1', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_mpuslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/mpuslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [336, 280]] } }, Become a Lingolia Plus member to access these additional exercises. dfpSlots['houseslot_a'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/houseslot', [300, 250], 'ad_houseslot_a').defineSizeMapping(mapping_houseslot_a).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'mid').setTargeting('hp', 'right').setCategoryExclusion('house').addService(googletag.pubads()); { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11653860' }}, I think he’ ll win the election. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_mpuslot_mobile_flex' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195465', size: [300, 250] }}, ga('require', 'displayfeatures'); possibilities and make a prediction. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, Look out! {code: 'ad_topslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, ], We are now very late so we’re going to take the ‘B’ road. The future tense with going to, also simple future, expresses a logical prediction for the future or an intention or plan which has already been decided. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_mpuslot' }}, pbjs.que = pbjs.que || []; Look at that car! { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, Usage explanations of natural written and spoken English, 0 && stateHdr.searchDesk ? BE GOING TO in the Past Tense. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, ), Future: other expressions to talk about the future, Future: present continuous to talk about the future (, Future: present simple to talk aboutthe future (, Modality: other modal words and expressions. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_mobile_flex' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654156' }}, (the speaker refers to the present and emphasises the decision) 'increment': 0.05, Forms . { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446384' }}, A ‘B’ road is a smaller road.] It is going to rain. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776142', position: 'btf' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_leftslot_160x600' }}, ( There is an evidence, most probably being rainly ) Be careful! { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_leftslot_160x600' }}, iasLog("exclusion label : resp"); We use will when we think about:. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776142', position: 'btf' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446383' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446383' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, enableSendAllBids: false, 'increment': 1, googletag.pubads().collapseEmptyDivs(false); Predictions Use will to talk about something that you think will happen.. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776358', position: 'atf' }}, Present perfect simple or present perfect continuous? { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [120, 600] }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [300, 50] }}, Remember! You are going to clean the windows. In written English, the contracted form of are can only be used after pronouns, not after nouns and names. }); The structure of GOING TO is: subject + BE + GOING + to-infinitive. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [300, 50] }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_mpuslot' }}, dfpSlots['houseslot_b'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/houseslot', [], 'ad_houseslot_b').defineSizeMapping(mapping_houseslot_b).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'btm').setTargeting('hp', 'center').setCategoryExclusion('house').addService(googletag.pubads()); var pbMobileLrSlots = [ 'buckets': [{ dfpSlots['topslot_b'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/topslot', [[728, 90]], 'ad_topslot_b').defineSizeMapping(mapping_topslot_b).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'top').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387232' }},

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