Question 7. Several terms from the vedantic traditions, such as Alakh, Nirakar, Brahmana, Atman were also taken. (All India 2015) The sufis accepted unsolicited grants and donations from the political elites. (All India 2016) The Alvars were devotees of Vishnu, whereas the Nayanars were devotees of Shiva. We can understand his message which were spelt out in his teachings and hymns called Shabad in Punjabi. Complete Chapter Notes - Theme 6 - Bhakti-Sufi Traditions, Class 12, History | EduRev Notes chapter (including extra questions, long questions, short questions, mcq) can be found on EduRev, you can check out Humanities/Arts lecture & lessons summary in the same course for Humanities/Arts Syllabus. Tulsidas, a prominent leader of the Bhakti Movement, lived in: (a) Gwalior. 2. They did not accept the theory of rebirth. (Delhi 2015) Who were Alvars and Nayanars? Here you can read Chapter 6 of Class 12 History NCERT Book. Explain. Answer: Answer: Nirguna bhakti. The Lingayats challenged the idea of caste and the ‘pollution’ attributed to certain groups by Brahmanas. Because of her behaviour, her in-laws once tried to poison her, but she managed to escape the in-laws home and preferred to live as a wandering saint and composing the songs of bhakti and love for the Krishna. Pilgrimage, called Ziyarat to the tombs of Sufi saints is very common all over the Muslim world. Class 12th History THEME-6 BHAKTI - SUFI TRADITIONS (Questions with Solutions) Changes in Religious Beliefs and Devotional Texts (C. Eighth To Eighteenth Century) by Manish - … (a) Kabir Bijak She adopted the path of extreme asceticism in order to attain her goal. Thus, prohibited from learning Vedas. In this way the lingayats rejected the caste system and other practices followed in our society given by the Brahmanical scriptures. 1. Verses ascribed to Kabir have been compiled in three distinct traditions, viz, Kabir Bijak, Kabir Granthavali and Adi Granth Sahib. 1. 1. The questions includes 1 mark questions, 2 mark questions, 3 mark questions, 4 mark questions, 5 mark questions and other questions as per the latest CBSE curriculum for the current session. For instance, some poems imbibed Islamic ideas and used monotheism and attacked Hindu polytheism and idol worship while others used the Sufi concept of zikr and ishq to express the Hindu practice of nam-simaran i.e. One of the major themes in Tamil bhakti hymns was the poet’s opposition to Buddhism and Jainism. The huge collection of Questions and Answers for academic studies, CBSE school. Question 1. Answer: Nanak repudiated the external practices of the existing religions. Based on CBSE and CCE guidelines. CBSE Revision hindi Notes for CBSE Class 12 History Bhakti Sufi Traditions Class 12 History Book2 chapter-6 Bhakti Sufi Traditions - The Mughal Court: Reconstructing Histories through Chronicles. Kings did not simply need to demonstrate their association with sufis; they also required legitimation from them. The importance of the traditions of the Alvars and Nayanars was sometimes indicated by the claim that their compositions were as important as the Vedas. Answer: Vishnu Question 3. Here is a composition attributed to Kabir Tell me, brother, how can there be No one lord of the world but two? These won the large number of followers among the marginalised section of the society. Mention the support they got from the Chola rulers. In the middle of the compound, there is a pond, which is artificially made. The Lingayats disapproved certain practices of the Dharmashashtras. They preached their message in Tamil. This practice is an occasion for seeking the sufi’s spiritual grace (barakat). It has an open compound and pillars on all sides. One kills the goat, the other cows. (HOTS; Delhi 2016) The Chola rulers constructed many Shiva temples e.g. How was the situation complicated in the sub-continent and how did the rulers adopt to this situation? God is called by many names. It stretched as an unbroken spiritual lineage to the prophet Muhammad. Answer: So the category of Zimmi meaning protected was developed by the Muslim rulers for Jews, Christians, Hindus and other non-Muslims who lived under Muslim leadership. Her compositions are known for intense expression of her emotion. After the death of Guru Nanak Dev, his followers consolidated their own practices and distinguished themselves from both Hindus and Muslims. Here, devotees can take bath or wash themselves before offering Namaz. NCERT Solutions for Class 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12, Important Questions for Class 12 History Chapter 6 – 2 Marks Questions. Question 24. 1. Jagannath is the form of which god? Why were shudras and women excluded from vedic learning in vedic period? He advocated the specific form of bhakti i.e. This is exemplified by the composition, compilation and preservation of Puranic texts in simple Sanskrit verse, explicitly meant to be accessible to women and Shudras, who were generally excluded from Vedic learning. She was married to a prince of the Sisodia clan of Mewar, Rajasthan, which had been done against her wishes so she defied her husband. Studyrankers is a free educational platform for cbse k-12 students. It contained that the dignitaries of the city of Khambat should not create any hindrance to the making of churches. The realtionship of the Alvars and Nayanars of Tamil Nadu with the state is discussed below: Thus, are can say that the Chola rulers had intimate relations with the both Alvars and Nayanars as they had much honour and status in the society. 2. Akbar issued an exalted mandate. Still she and her songs are popular among the poor or ‘low caste’ population in the State of Gujarat and Rajasthan. Two aspects of it are: Question 9. Not surprisingly rulers tried to win their support as well. HISTORY(027) CLASS-XII Time Allowed:3hrs. If you have any problem in finding the correct answers of Themes in Indian History II Textbook then you can find here.This page will help in finding those NCERT Solutions of books.Here you find complete chapter detailed questions and answers of Class 12 History.The answer of each chapter is provided in the list so that you can easily browse throughout … However, the modes of their association were not the same as those of the Chishtis. “The Lingayats challenged the idea of caste and the ‘pollution’ attributed to certain groups by Brahmanas,” Critically examine the statement. The concepts should be clear which will help in faster learning. He rejected the sacrifices, ritual baths, image worship, austerities and scriptures of both Hindus and Muslims. The importance of the traditions of the Alvars and Nayanars was sometimes indicated by the claim that their compositions were as important as the Vedas. Lingayats were majorly based in ______. Important Questions for Class 12 History Chapter 6 Source Based Questions. The traditions, he drew to describe ultimate reality through his poems are: For her intense love of Krishna, she rejected all the comforts of her husband’s palace and donned the saffron robe of the renouncer or the white robe of widow. Textual sources were available to know about Bhakti and Sufi traditions from 8th century to 18th century. remained important intermediaries between gods and devotees in several forms of bhakti, these traditions also accommodated and acknowledged women and the “lower castes”, categories considered ineligible for liberation within the orthodox Brahmanical framework. For example, Arab Muslim traders adopted local customs such, as matriliny and matrilocal residence. Point out one difference and one similarity between Be-Shari’a and Ba-Shari’a Sufi traditions. (Delhi 2014) Give two examples. During their travel they identified certain shrines as abodes of their chosen deities. Some special architectural features of Mosque are: Important Questions for Class 12 History Chapter 6 – 8 Marks Questions. Answer: Royal affiliations of Mirabai From the bhajans it has been reconstructed that she was a Rajput princess from Merta in Marwar. Shaalaa has a total of 10 questions with solutions for this chapter in Class 12 History. Answer: 1. A. Shiva B. Durga C. Vishnu D. Brahma Ans: C. 2.The text ‘Nalayira Divyaprabandham’ belongs to─ A. Alvars B. Nayanars C. Both a) and b) D. None of the above Ans: A Explanation: the tenth century anthology is compilation of compositions of the Alvars. I cant find the notes from chapter 9 and further chapters in your website!! Popular source of inspiration: Mirabai, now-a-days recognised as the source of inspiration instead of attracting a sect or group of followers. Question 19. They believed that on death the devotee would be united with Shiva and would not return to this world. (b) Haryana. Do you agree with Kabir? Sufi Silsila began to flourish in different parts of Islamic world around the 12th century. They ceremonially buried their dead. The God is only one inspite of having several names. 1. How are they preserved? Taken from both Hinduism and Islam: From eighth to eighteenth century striking features was a visibility of wide range of gods and goddesses in sculpture and texts. Classs 12th History Chapter 6th भक्ति-सूफी परंपराएं Notes classs-12th-history-chapter-6th भक्ति-सूफी परंपराएं Bhakti- Sufi Traditions CH-6th History class 12th Book- 2nd Notes Recognition of Krishna as lover: She recognised Krishna, the incarnation of Vishnu, as her lover. ! 1. Important Questions for Class 12 History Chapter 6 Value Based Questions, Answer: Give two examples. They challenged the idea of caste and the ‘pollution’ attributed to certain groups by Brahmanas. Nalayira Divyaprabandham complied by the Alvars is also described as the Tamil Veda. Whereas it reached our eminent and holy notice that the padris (fathers) of the Holy Society of Jesus wish to build a house of prayer (Church) in the city of Kambayat (Khambat, in Gujarat); therefore an exalted mandate… is being issued… that the dignitaries of the city of Kambayat should in no case stand in their way but should allow them to build a Church so that they may engage themselves in their own worship. or What also characterised traditions of bhakti was a remarkable diversity. NCERT Solutions For Class 12 History Chapter 6 Bhakti-Sufi Traditions Changes in Religious Beliefs and Devotional Texts NCERT TEXTBOOK QUESTIONS SOLVED l.Explain with examples what historians mean by the integration of cults. Two similarities between philosophy of Kabir and Guru Nanak Dev are: Question 3. He organised his followers into a community. Some historians suggest that the Alvars and Nayanars initiated a movement of protest against the caste system and the dominance of Brahmanas or atleast attempted to reform the system. Rather than accumulate donations, they preferred to use these fully on immediate requirements such as food, clothes, living quarters and ritual necessities (such as sama). Explain the meaning of Sufi Silsila. How did Karaikkal Ammaiyar become the greatest figure of Nayanar tradition? Learning the important concepts is very important for every student to get better marks in examinations. The Sultans wanted their tombs to be in the vicinity of sufi shrines and hospices. Answer: The One Lord: Here is a composition attributed to Kabir Tell me, brother, how can there be No one lord of the world but two? In Kashmir we find the Shah Hamadan mosque which is the best example of Kashmiri wooden architecture, decorated with paper mache. Q2-who were alavars? In India, Mughal rulers regarded themselves as emperor of not just Muslims but of all peoples. 13. Key concepts in nutshell. He sang his compositions in various ragas while his disciple, Mardana played the rabab. Answer: Answer: In Vedic period women and Shudras were generally excluded from Vedic learning because women was treated like a thing which was kept at home only and not allowed to go outside and get education. Sep 12,2020 - Theme 6 - Bhakti-Sufi traditions History Class 12 is created by the best Humanities/Arts teachers for Humanities/Arts preparation. 4. He used the terms Alakh (Unseen), Nirakar (Formless), Brahman, Atman, etc to describe the ultimate reality. Explain the teachings of Kabir. or Question 14. Gold may be shaped into rings and bangles. The teachings of Baba Guru Nanak are as follows. Yes, I agree with Kabir’s view. Some of the earliest bhakti movements were led by the Alvars (literally, those who were immersed in devotion to Vishnu) and Nayanars (who were devotees of Shiva). Download free printable assignments worksheets of History from CBSE NCERT KVS schools, free pdf of CBSE Class 12 History Bhakti Sufi Traditions Changes in Religious Beliefs Assignment chapter wise important exam questions and answers CBSE Class 12 History Bhakti Sufi Traditions Changes in Religious Beliefs Assignment. 4. Historians who have tried to understand these developments suggest that there were at least two processes at work. the Islamic law. Similarities : Both of Sufi traditions are critical of the dogmatic definitions and scholastic methods of interpretation of the Quran and sunna (traditions of the Prophet) adopted by theologians. 2. NCERT Solutions For Class 12 History Chapter 6 Bhakti-Sufi Traditions Changes in Religious Beliefs and Devotional Texts NCERT TEXTBOOK QUESTIONS SOLVED 1. For more than seven centuries people of various creeds, classes and social backgrounds have travelled to the dargahs of the five great chisthi saints and expressed their devotions. (All India 2012) The âNalayira Divyaprabandhamâ of the Alvars was compared with the. 3. They waste their lives in disputation. Her composition was a challenge to patriarchal norms of the society and it was preserved with the Nayanar tradition. There was also difference in the architecture of mosque due to the change of regions. By the 11th century Sufism evolved into a well developed movement. Explain with examples what historians mean by the integration of cults. ‘The Message of Guru Nanak Devji was based on divinity’. Most of them expressed themselves orally in regional languages used by common man. Answer: TopperLearning’s Experts and Students has answered all of Bhakti Sufi Tradition of CBSE Class 12 Humanities History questions in detail. One was a process of disseminating Brahmanical ideas. Alvars: Alvars were those people who immersed themselves in devotion to Vishnu. Mention any two aspects of it. Question 16. Explain the arguments give by Kabir against the lords of the world of different communities. For example, the disciples of Nizamuddin Auliya addressed him as Sultan-ul-Mashaikh (literally, Sultan amongst Shaikhs). Sources to understand Bhakti and sufi traditions. Both Nayanars and Alvars were revered (admire) by the Vellala peasants. The situation in the sub-continent became complicated, as there were enough population outside Islam. Class 12 History Notes Chapter 6 Bhakti Sufi Traditions. Answer: How did Kabir describe the ‘Ultimate Reality’? The’Kabir Granthavali is associated with the Dadupanth in Rajasthan. Defiance of social barriers: In some traditions, Mirabai has been mentioned as a disciple of Raidas, a leather worker. They did not follow the varna system in our society given by the Brahmanas. There is only a simple way to connect to the divine by remembering and repeating the divine name. Other terms with mystical connotations such as shabda (sound) or Shunya (emptiness) were drawn from yogic tradition. According to him, the absolute or ‘rab’ had no gender or any specific form. remembrance of God’s name. What also characterised traditions of bhakti was a remarkable diversity. Question 22. The Collection of Saiva hymns by Appar, Sambandhar […] How did various chiefdoms in the Tamil region help them in the early first millennium CE? Performing the pilgrimage to Mecca (hajj). Kabir’s ideas crystallised through dialogue and debate and his legacy was claimed by several groups. Question 4. Kabir Bijak and Kabir Granthavali are the two distinct but overlapping traditions. Kabir’s poems have been a source of inspiration to those who questioned rigid and unrooted social institutions, ideas and practices in search of God. In fact, many beliefs and practices were shaped through a continuous dialogue between what sociologists have described as “great” Sanskritic Puranic traditions and “little” traditions throughout the land. For instance, one of the major anthologies of compositions by the Alvars, the Nalayira Divyaprabandham, was frequently described as the Tamil Veda, thus claiming that the text was as significant as the four Vedas in Sanskrit that were cherished by the Brahmanas. NCERT Class 12 History Chapter 6 Bhakti-Sufi Traditions Changes in Religious Beliefs and Devotional Texts . (HOTS; Compartment 2013) Here on AglaSem Schools, you can access to NCERT Book Solutions in free pdf for History 2 for Class 12 so that you can refer them as and when required. Also after the chapter you can get links to Class 12 History Notes, NCERT Solutions, Important Question, Practice Papers, etc. By the eleventh century, Sufism evolved into a well developed movement in the following ways: Question 11. (Delhi 2010) Give an example which indicates that the composition of Alvars was as significant as Vedas of Brahmanas. Important Questions for Class 12 History Chapter 6 – 4 Marks Questions. Name any two scriptures, in which verses, ascribed to Kabir, have been complied. Neither can find the only Ram. How did she defy the norms of society? (HOTS; Delhi 2016) . It indicates that she did not recognise the bonds of caste system and the practices of the society. Bhakti-Sufi Traditions Changes in Religious Beliefs and Devotional Texts Questions with Solutions to help you to revise complete Syllabus and Score More marks in your Class 12 … Question 18. The development of Islam was not restricted to ruling aristocrats, actually it spread far and wide, through the sub-continent, amongst various social strata i.e. Vedantic Tradition: Further, their piety and scholarship, and people’s belief in their miraculous powers made sufis popular among the masses, whose support kings wished to secure. Names like Allah, Ram, Karim, Keshav, Hari and Hazrat. The ulaina were expected to ensure that they ruled according to the Shari’a. Chola rulers were the patrons to Shiva temples in Chidambaram, Thanjavur and Gangaikonda Cholapuram. 1. It makes evident in the placement of the milirab (prayer niche) and the minbar (pulpit). Names like Allah, Ram, Karim, Keshav, Hari and Hazrat. He set up rules for congregational worship (sangat) involving collective recitation. ____ means a chain which signifies a continuous link between master and disciple. 16. In this way we can say that both the traditions of the sufis i.e. Get all questions and answers of Bhakti Sufi Tradition of CBSE Class 12 Humanities History on TopperLearning. The ninth Guru, whose compositions were compiled in the Guru Granth Sahib was: 11. (All India 2015) It was through this channel that spiritual power and blessings were transmitted to devotees. 12. Who led you so astray? Ans: During the period of the 10th Century to the 17th Century, an important trend noticed in the religious life in India […] NCERT Solutions Class 12 History 2 Chapter 6 Bhakti-Sufi Traditions Changes in Religious Beliefs and Devotional Texts. This was also the period when some of the most spectacular representations of Shiva in bronze scuplture were produced. Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow. (All India 2009) In this regard, they initiated a movement to protest against the caste system and the dominance of Brahmanas or at least attempted to reform the system. Class 12 History Bhakti Sufi Traditions have different set of questions. According to historians what was the second process of integration of cults? (Delhi Z016) The Lingayats or Virshaivas emerged in the 12th century in Karnataka under the leadership of Basavanna. The Alvars were worshippers of? Question 13. BHAKTI - SUFI TRADITIONS ... -Those who followed Tantric rejected the caste and class within the ritual context. Earliest Bhakti movements were led by _______. The Kabir Bijak is preserved by the Kabir panth (the path or sect of Kabir) in Varanasi and elsewhere in Uttar Pradesh. (Delhi 2010) Mosque has orientation towards Mecca. 9. Kabir’s poems have survived in several languages and dialects.
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