Mother tongue instruction generally refers to the use of the learners’ mother tongue as the medium of instruction. (2013). to substantiate either one of the opposing lobbies as to whether or not mother tongue-based medium of instruction can interfere in the English language skills of learners who are concurrently taking up subjects in English and mother tongue. At the end of the academic term both groups were subjected to the post-test. First, school enrollment is signi cantly higher among birth cohorts that gained access to mother-tongue instruction after 1994. Mindanao State University, Marawi, Philippines. Mother Tongue will also be and additional learning area from preschool to Grade III. There is a growing trend around the world to support mother tongue instruction in the early years of a child‘s education. Evaluating the Effects of Mother Tongue on Math and Science Instruction 33 CHAPTER 3: MEASURING THE EFFECTS OF MOTHER TONGUE ON MATH AND SCIENCE INSTRUCTION This section provides a description of the methodology used in this study. 2.5 ... 4.3.3 Parental education status as it effects mother-tongue impact on students' speaking skills of English Language . Now, more than one school year after the start of its implementation, what have we learned from this program? The outcome is bilingual and Policies (The Gachathi Report) in which mother tongue was the medium of instruction from grade 1-3 while English was the medium of instruction in grades 4-8 (Republic of Kenya, 1976). 2.4.2 Mother tongue as a medium of instruction and its implications 50 2.4.4 Language awareness or attitudes 53 2.4.5 Community involvement 55 2.4.6 Material and human resources 56 2.4.7 School contexts 57 2.4.8 Children’s literacy development in the first and second languages 58 CHAPTER THREE 62 THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK: LANGUAGE PLANNING AND POLICY 62 3.1 … It is stated in the K to 12 Toolkit (2012) that the mother tongue or the child’s first language will be used as the primary medium of instruction from preschool until Grade III. Keywords: mother-tongue based instruction, bilingual education, biliteracy, preschool education, cross-linguistic transfer of literacy skills Abstract This research focused on the effects of bilingual instruction on the acquisition of literacy skills of preschoolers. The control group was exposed largely to the English language spoken by the class teacher. Mother-Tongue Based Instruction. 1. Mother Tongue- Based Multilingual Education (MTB-MLE) One of the changes in Basic Education Curriculum brought about by the new K-12 program is the introduction of Mother Tongue- Based Multilingual Education (MTB-MLE) specifically in Kindergarten, Grades 1, 2 and 3 to support the goal of “ Every Child- A- Reader and A –Writer” by Grade 1.” Primary tuition is therefore currently offered in the 11 South African official languages. Baute, Z. 4.4.1 Effects of home environment on mother tongue impact on students' speaking skills of English Language. Sailors et al., 2010. View Share. In fact, while long-term effects of MTBE may have been proven in Western countries, it has not been clearly conclusive in countries of the South (D. Malone, 2008). The READ program in South Africa, which provided culturally relevant reading materials in the mother tongue and included an intensive teacher training and development component, found students in intervention schools to perform better than those in control schools. Language education . According to Kothari (2004), methodology refers to a systematic way of answering a research question or solving a research … The importance of mother tongue language in education. UNESCO. 2.4 Benefits or improving Learning outcomes through mother Tongue-based education . As a medium of instruction, the mother tongue … The experimental group was exposed to learning and teaching where the main language of instruction was their mother tongue (the Yoruba language which is the language of the immediate environment). Mother tongue-based bilingual/multilingual education . All the tasks were graded systematically under controlled conditions. Introduction In a previous investigation (Azuma, 2005), it was demonstrated that cultural elements generated from the mother tongue (Japanese, in this case) were significantly related to the understanding of English metaphorical expressions in the case of Japanese … The policy also recognizes the pedagogical advantages for the child if education is given in the mother tongue. As a subject, mother-tongue education focuses on the development of speaking, reading and writing from Grades 1 to 3 in the mother tongue. Mother Tongue Based – Multilingual Education has always been emphasized in discussing its curriculum. Positive and Negative Effects of Mother-tongue Knowledge on the Interpretation of Figurative Expressions1) Masumi Azuma 1. Benefits of Mother Tongue As Medium of Instruction. . (Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation). In other words, mother tongue instruction does not detract from English language learning, but improves all learning. The authors compared the impacts of the PRIMR mother-tongue treatment group in two languages with those of another group that did not use mother tongue, but utilised the same instructional components. Mother tongue as the medium of instruction at developing country universities in a global context One of the factors attributed to poor performance of some indigenous students at universities in developing countries is the use of a second language – mainly English and to some extent French – as the language of instruction at the universities. SUMMARY Chapter 2 METHODOLOGY INSTRUMENTS/TOOLS From a total of seventy-nine (79) Grade 7-10 students of St. Francis of Assisi Montessori School of Cainta for school year 2013 - 2014, the researchers utilized only seventy-three (73) samples. It is considered to be an important component of quality education, particularly in the early years (UNESCO, 2003: 13). Global North vs. global South . 1953 UNESCO Report on the Use of Vernacular languages in education . Reliability was established by pilot-testing the questionnaires to the grade 3 teachers in City Central Elementary School. Children prefer learning in their mother tongue. This implies that providing education in mother tongue increases the accessibility of schools. Additionally, it can refer to the mother tongue as a subject of instruction. based on aspects of the pupils’ curriculum and written in the formal academic language pupils were expected to be exposed to in their respective grades. A maintenance program provides students instruction in both L1 and L2 through secondary school. CHAPTER FIVE: Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation . This was based on the principle that all nations and nationalities have the right to be educated in their own language and to preserve their culture. Improving Learning Outcomes through Mother Tongue-Based Education 3 develop and maintain students‘ L1, even as they develop their L2 to proficiency, to ensure that the mother tongue is not lost. In Southeast Asia, this is apparent in a rising number of educational programs that utilize this approach. Africa . The Effects of First-and-Second-Language Instruction in Rural South African Schools. Mother tongue-base instruction in English and mathematics: influence on pupils learning in selected elementary schools in Marawi City and Iligan City (2012-2013). Results 61 … This study used a research method But: after independence – 1960s – 1990s . This model promotes language of instruction in the mother tongue of the school district, rather than Filipino (Tagalog) or English. EFFECTS MOTHER TONGUE LANGUAGE ON LEARNING SECOND LANGUAGE LEARNERS ELEMENTARY SCHOOL SAHELEHKHEIRABADI Research Scholar, IASE, Pune, Maharashtra, India ABSTRACT There is considerable evidence that the acquisition of two or more languages involves positive consequences for meta-linguistic development and the people who had acquired literacy in … Similar research carried out in both “developed” countries such as the United States, Australia, and Finland, as well as “developing” countries such as Thailand, Cambodia, India, and Timor Leste, confirms the effectiveness of mother tongue-based education. Results show that both parents and teachers appreciate the advantages of mother-tongue education, but that parents would not … A consequence of the ever-increasing popularity of international schools is the growth in the number of children learning in a language other than their first. 5.1 Summary. Please note also that teaching in a trilingual setting is quite complex too. Children are more likely to understand the instructions. The paper identi es two possible channels linking instruction based on mother tongue and an improvement in reading skills. It is wise to note that there are challenges to implement the linguistic policies prescribed but based on our socio- linguistic and cultural contexts we try to find solutions to fix related issues. This can open opportunities for the individual but, as Carolyn Savage explains, continuing to develop the mother tongue is vital to enhance learning. (2000). Results showed that assignment … Questionnaires on the subject were administered to samples of 1000 primary school teachers and 1500 parents of primary school children. … Bernardo, B. The success of mother tongue instruction policy depends on people’s attitudes towards the first language (L1) and English L2. Bilingual students may, however, also be entitled to mother tongue instruction (MTI), which refers to non-mandatory state-funded teaching of minority languages as a subject within the Swedish curriculum. 6. The South African Language-in-Education Policy (LiEP) states that mother tongue should be the preferred medium of instruction in the Foundation Phase (grade R-3). However, for the early years the medium of instruction is in the mother tongue. 2. 120 years of reports & recommendations for education use of local languages/mother tongue for first few years, then switch to English or French . “mother-tongue based bilingual education” (UNESCO, 2005a, p. v). terminology . And to understand how attitudes towards a language develop, it is necessary to consider the social and political history of a nation, since such historical force play significant role in language usage (Bamgbose, 1991; Robinson 1996). One in particular is studied in this paper, namely opposition to the use of the mother tongue as the medium of instruction. Since School Year (SY) 2012-2013, the Mother Tongue-Based-Multilingual Education (MTB-MLE) began to be implemented in all public schools, specifically in Kindergarten, Grades 1, 2 and 3 as part of the K to 12 Basic Education Program. TOTAL NUMBER OF 2015 SCHOOLS 225 INTEGRATED SCHOOLS. The second main component of the bill addresses the linguistic discrimination that occurs in emphasizing English education, by implementing Mother Tongue Based, Multilingual Education (MTB-MLE). A randomised controlled trial of mother-tongue literacy instruction, the Primary Math and Reading (PRIMR) Initiative, was implemented in Kenya from 2013 to 2014. A decade later, the ... teachers share the same local language (Kang, 2012). Importance of first … Mother Tongue Based-Multilingual Education (MTB-MLE) in the Philippines Dr. Dina S. Ocampo Undersecretary for Curriculum and Instruction Department of Education March 2, 2017. Below are some of the benefits of using your Mother Tongue as the medium of instruction when teaching. TOTAL NUMBER OF 2015 SCHOOLS 47,351 PUBLIC SCHOOLS 225 INTEGRATED SCHOOLS 8,506 SECONDARY SCHOOLS . They are also more likely to continue with education and not drop out of school.

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