In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Stanford died in Palo Alto on June 21, 1893. He later established his own practice in Port Washington, Wisconsin but a fire destroyed it in 1852 and Stanford decided not to rebuild his practice. Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. In 1861 Stanford, Collis P. Huntington, Charles Crocker, and Mark Hopkins organized the Central Pacific Railroad, which built east to join the westward-progressing Union Pacific Railroad. he was quite wealthy. William H. Seward and party were guests overnight on August 24, 1870, President Hayes, the first President of the United States who during his term of office found time and inclination to visit such a remote part of the republic as California, was the guest of Leland Stanford in September 1880. Much like his future partners, Leland Stanford remade himself in gold rush California as a shopkeeper. In addition to the money Stanford gave, he donated his 8,000-acre farm to the school for the raising of horses with the stipulation that none of the land could … However, outside of the railroad industry Stanford's most lasting legacy was the founding of Stanford University in March of 1885, named for his son Leland Stanford, Jr. who had died a year earlier. ." : 469-470, January 21, 1892. ↩ 44. He actively participated in the formation of the California Republican Party, and he ran unsuccessfully for State Treasurer in 1857. But it was the death of his son, Leland Jr., in 1884 that prompted him to found Stanford University. He was the fourth son of Josiah and Elizabeth (Phillips) Stanford. But Leland Stanford wanted hard evidence, not pretty pictures, and was offering him $2,000 to produce it. ↩ 43. Two years later his law office burned down, and he decided to relocate in California. Collis Potter Huntington (1821-1900), American railroad builder, was a promoter and manager of the Central Pacific Railway a…, Oakes Ames (1804–1873) was a U.S. manufacturer and five-term member of the United States House of Representatives. Stanford endowed a new institution, the Leland Stanford Junior University, in 1885 in memory of his son, who had died at the age of 15. Leland Stanford was once governor of California and in 1876, he bought the first of what would become more than 8,000 acres of land on the San Francisco peninsula. He later served as a U.S. senator until his death in 1893. Legend has it that Stanford wanted to settle a $25,000 bet by proving that horses "flew," but most historians doubt that colorful bit. He also engaged in mining on a small scale. They formed the Southern Pacific Railroad in 1870 to purchase and build railroad lines south from San Francisco. In 1885 Stanford's 15-year-old son died of typhoid fever while on vacation in Europe. For its part, the Central Pacific would get five miles of land on either side of the track it laid and up to $48,000 per mile. Leland Stanford combined his legal knowledge, business ability, and political influence to become one of California's leading citizens in the nineteenth century. New York: A.A. Knopf, 1938. At first, Muybridge declared the task impossible. He was the principal financier of…, Union Pacific Railroad, transportation company chartered (1862) by Congress to build part of the nation's first transcontinental railroad line. He served one term as the California's first Republican governor in 1861 and was instrumental in keeping the state loyal to the Union during the Civil War. Wiki User Answered . See also: California, Central Pacific Railroad, Monopolies, Railroad Industry, Transcontinental Railroad. Leland Stanford was once governor of California and in 1876, he bought the first of what would become more than 8,000 acres of land on the San Francisco peninsula. He represented California in the Senate until his death in 1893 at the age of 69. Stanford's philanthropy, principally through the establishment of Stanford University, has made his legacy the biggest of the Big Four, who are remembered today largely by the banks and hotels in California that bear their names. Who are the famous writers in region 9 Philippines? In 1885 he returned to political life and was elected to the United States Senate. Stanford received a sound education; he first studied at the Clinton Liberal Institute and then at Cazenovia Seminary in New York. When the extremes of climate proved unsuitable for wine production, they began producing brandy. When did organ music become associated with baseball? Congressional Record, 52 Congress, 1 Sess. Leland Stanford (1824-1893), American railroad builder and politician, was one of the founders of the Central Pacific and Southern Pacific railroads and served as California's governor and then U.S. senator. ." In 1870 the Southern Pacific was incorporated to build in southern California and eventually to reach New Orleans, La. Spent $40,000,000 on building the first transcontinental railroad. At that time the Central Pacific began building its part of the transcontinental railroad with construction of tracks eastward from Sacramento, California. He spent more time at his Vina and Palo Alto ranches and on the education of his son. The Big Four: The Story of Huntington, Stanford, Hopkins, and Crocker, and of the Building of the Central Pacific. Finally, in 1856 he moved to Sacramento and became a partner in his brothers' business. Fax: (214) 743-5656 In 1848 Stanford opened a law office at Port Washington, Wis.; meanwhile, his brothers sensed the lure of fortune in California and opened a mercantile business in Sacramento. They bought out competing lines such as the California Pacific Railroad Company and the San Francisco and San Jose Railroad. Josiah Stanford and Elizabeth Phillps Stanford were both descended from English stock . During his single term, Stanford successfully kept the evenly divided state loyal to the Union. The state of the Stanford family in the late nineteenth century was estimated at about $ 50 million. The university was untraditional for … As with Madoff, it missed warning signs of the $8 billion fraud for years. Encyclopedia.com. After finishing school he began working in a law office and he was admitted to the bar in 1848. Favorite Answer. They also purchased major river and ocean shipping lines. Stanford's many interests outside of business and politics included operating the world's largest vineyard at the 59,000-acre Vina Ranch near Sacramento. 23-25). 16 Oct. 2020 . Stanford generated large sums of public money for a company in which he had a major personal interest as a stockholder. https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/leland-stanford, "Leland Stanford His San Francisco house was destroyed after his death in the earthquake and fire of 1906. It is with Roosevelt…, https://www.encyclopedia.com/education/economics-magazines/stanford-leland, https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/stanford-leland, https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/leland-stanford, Santa Clara County V. Southern Pacific Railroad. They had one son, Leland Stanford, Jr., who by all accounts was a sickly boy. Around the time when Stanford was elected governor he also became interested in the possibility of building a transcontinental railroad. Incorporate…, Collis Potter Huntington Today, he'd most likely have bought a sports team." Agree, this is the opposite of monopolistic behavior. 1891: Leland Stanford, Jr. University opened in Palo Alto, California, as a memorial to Stanford's deceased son. Stanford University, official name Leland Stanford Junior University, private coeducational institution of higher learning at Stanford, California, U.S. (adjacent to Palo Alto), one of the most prestigious in the country.The university was founded in 1885 by railroad magnate Leland Stanford and his wife, Jane (née Lathrop), and was dedicated to their deceased only child, Leland… McGuire, William, and Leslie Wheeler. Palo Alto: Stanford University Press, 1931. He also served as governor of California and as a United States Senator. Asked by Wiki User. Gale Encyclopedia of U.S. Economic History. He began to study law at the age of 20 and in 1845 entered the law office of Wheaton, Doolittle & Hadley in Albany, New York. The Founding Grant states the universitys objectiv… Leland Stanford combined his legal knowledge, business ability, and political influence to become one of California's leading citizens in the nineteenth century. Politically, Stanford was an effective lobbyist, if not unselfish, on issues of concern to him. Stanford served as its president from 1885 to 1890. Stanford and his associates were referred to as the Big Four. With renewed political ambitions, Stanford ran for the U.S. Senate in 1885 and defeated A.A. Sargent, who was a personal friend of one of the Big Four, Collis P. Huntington. Others, including Robert Fulton, Edward C. Collins and Leland Stanford, earned their fortune through political entrepreneurship. Pleasantville, NY: Reader's Digest Association, 1977. In 1885, California Senator Leland Stanford and his wife founded what is now Stanford University. With the passing years Morse became an increasingly vigorous and persuasive advocate of worthy causes and his eloquence made him a popular speaker. Stanford also had a distinguished political career. He then opened a general store in Michigan Bluff. Born: March 4,1824,Water Vliet,New York What were Leland Stanford parents professions? A. Sargent on a strictly party vote. Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. Clark, George Thomas. Answer. Leland and Jane Stanford had one son, Leland, Jr., but he never attended Harvard. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-Clio, 1993. Under…, California (kăl´Ĭfôr´nyə), most populous state in the United States, located in the Far West; bordered by Oregon (N), Nevada and, across the Colorado…, Theodore Roosevelt As governor of California Stanford approved several public grants for the railroad work done in his state. After consulting with Charles W. Eliot, the president of Harvard, Stanford established the Leland Stanford, Jr. University in Palo Alto, which opened in 1891. ." Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Stanford handled the legal and governmental affairs of the railroad. Encyclopedia.com. This company built a second transcontinental railroad from California to New Orleans. 16 Oct. 2020 . Stanford married Jane Elizabeth Lathrop of Albany, New York, in 1850. While he was touring Europe with his parents, he contracted typhus and died in Florence, Italy, at the age of 15. He died at the age of 15 on a family trip to Italy, but from typhoid fever, not from an accident. 23-25). Encyclopedia of World Biography. Business Leader Profiles for Students. Stanford's father was a prosperous farmer who also worked as a contractor in the building of bridges, roads, and railroads. He joined forces with Collis P. Huntington (1821–1900), Charles Crocker (1822–88), and Mark Hopkins (1814–78) to form the Central Pacific Railroad Company in 1861. American Social Leaders. In 1850 Stanford married Jane Elizabeth Lathrop. How did Leland Stanford treat his workers? 1 Answer. Some rich railroad tycoons during the 1800s received privileged access and funding from the government through the extensive use of lobbyists. ." . . When President Lincoln signed an act pledging federal support for a transcontinental railroad, it was the Central Pacific Railroad that was assigned to construct the portion from Sacramento east to meet the Union Pacific Railroad, which was building the portion west from Omaha, Nebraska. When the Leland Stanford, Jr. University opened to students in the fall of 1891, its president was David Starr Jordan from Indiana University. 1856: Became partner in brothers' business in Sacramento. After the death of his son, Leland Stanford set up all of his money to go to the Stanford University, which he helped create, to the miners of California and the railroad. Regnery, Dorothy F., The Stanford House in Sacramento: an American treasure, Stanford, Calif. (P.O. Stanford's excellent reputation in California allowed the Central Pacific access to considerable sums of construction money. Leland Stanford and his wife, Jane Lathrop Stanford, lost their only child, Leland, Jr., to typhoid in 1884, they decided to build a university as the most fitting memorial, and deeded to it a large fortune that included the 8,180-acre Palo Alto stock farm that became the campus. //]]>. 1848: Relocated to Port Huron, Wisconsin, to practice law. They organized the Southern Pacific Railroad, of which Stanford served as director from 1882 to 1893. Despite this loss Stanford continued to pursue a career in politics and in 1859 he ran for governor of California but lost again. □. They decided to create a university, one that, from the outset, was untraditional: coeducational in a time when most private universities were all-male; nondenominational when most were associated with a religious organization; and avowedly practical, producing cultured and useful citizens when most were concerned only with the former. Lewis, Oscar. In 1890 Stanford and Huntington split over Stanford's renewed political ambitions. Stanford served as president of the company from its formation until his death. Leland Stanford was the first to lay out his spread on the hill, followed by his cronies at the Big Four club. The opulent Stanford mansion burned to the ground in the unremitting San Francisco fire of 1906. LELAND STANFORD College Attended At eighteen, he enrolled at the Clinton Liberal Institute, in Clinton, While Stanford himself did not live to see the university grow and prosper, it has become recognized as one of the finest universities in the United States. Encyclopedia of World Biography. Construction crews consisting mainly of Chinese immigrants worked through two harsh winters in the high Sierras. The family could trace its American roots back to Thomas Stanford (or Staniforth), who lived in Concord, Massachusetts, in 1644. Tutorow, Norman E. Leland Stanford: Man of Many Careers. Business Leader Profiles for Students. . Menlo Park, California: Pacific Coast Publishers, 1971. The amount of money he had donated was about $20 million He quit his job to join a wholesale buisiness. 1861: Elected first Republican governor of California. Gale Encyclopedia of U.S. Economic History. American Social Leaders. In 1856 Stanford moved to Sacramento, where he started business with a brother and quickly entered politics. ." "Stanford, Leland Snow, Richard F. "Biggest of the Four." In addition he used his political contacts to acquire generous federal grants for the railroad, which included land grants for railroad construction and loans for financing the project. As a U.S. (Photo: Stanford Archives) Yet there is another side to the boy — one barely known to graduates of the university that bears his name. Within California, the building of that state's railroad infrastructure was largely accomplished by companies in which Stanford played key roles. During his three years' tenancy over the store, he became a close friend of Theodore Judah, Leland Stanford, and others of the future railroad dynasty. The Central Pacific laid 1,086 miles of track, while the Union Pacific had built 689, which was advantageous for Central Pacific, because government subsidies were based on mileage. The Big Four profited nicely from this venture, however, great hardships were encountered before the project was accomplished; many lives were lost. Answer Save. After moving to California in 1852, Stanford opened a general store to supply miners in the Gold Rush, making a … Story of the Great American West. Using $400 of his own gold, he had the William T. Garatt Foundary of San Francisco cast a golden spike. Web site: http://www.up.com He said, "I was thinking that since I could do no more for my boy, I might do something for other people's boys in Leland's name." When the transcontinental was completed in 1869, Stanford and his associates were some $54 million richer. 16 Oct. 2020 . Once in Sacramento, Stanford became interested in politics. Van Zandt also painted one of the few pictures of Leland Stanford, Jr., (when he was about 12 in 1881), 3 years before his too young death from typhoid when he was 15. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. In 1861 Stanford, together with Mark Hopkins, Collis P. Huntington, and Charles Crocker, formed the Central Pacific Railroad with Stanford as president. 1885: Elected U.S. senator from California. Stanford's biggest income was the university; he did make tons of money working for the railroad, but the university was very popular. With three colleagues, he established the Central Pacific Railroad, which built the western portion of the first transcontinental railroad, and served as its president from 1861 until his death in 1893. For example, Leland Stanford, a former governor and US senator from California, used his political connections to have the state pass laws prohibiting competition for his Central Pacific railroad,1 and he and his business partners profited from this monopoly scheme. Only about $350 worth of gold, however, was used to make the actual spike. of his fortune to found Stanford University in Palo Alto, California. Hutchison, John N. "Leland Stanford's Great Vina Ranch." Sargent was a personal friend of Huntington, and in 1890 Huntington managed to have Stanford Following his son's untimely death, Stanford decided to establish a university in his honor. In 1861 he was successful in his bid for the governorship, taking advantage of a split in the Democratic Party caused by the outbreak of the Civil War. Box 2328, Stanford University, Stanford 94305): Stanford Historical Society, 1987. Leland Stanford was born on March 9, 1824, in Watervliet, New York, the fifth of eight children. Fourteen years later a holding company, the Southern Pacific Company, merged the Southern Pacific Railroad, Central Pacific, and others into one combine. Where can i find the fuse relay layout for a 1990 vw vanagon or any vw vanagon for the matter? Reprint, Ann Arbor, MI: University Microfilms, 1967-71. American Heritage, December 1987. The Big Four had little knowledge of the railroad industry and very little capital to invest in the venture so they relied on their political talents and connections to support the project. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. With three colleagues, he established the Central Pacific Railroad, which built the western portion of the first transcontinental railroad, and served as its president from 1861 until his death in 1893. It is now an Ivy League school, and only the smartest people can get in. Stanford's biggest income was the university; he did make tons of money working for the railroad, but the university was very popular. Used $40,000,000 on his University. Encyclopedia.com. Stanford decided to join three of his brothers in Sacramento, California, where they had a successful business selling mining and agricultural supplies. Used it on building Stanford University. Stanford's role in the Central Pacific is examined in Oscar Lewis, The Big Four (1938). 10 years ago. Leland Stanford Jr. at 2 years old. Stanford remained president of the Central Pacific until his death. Why don't libraries smell like bookstores? After Leland, Jr.'s death, his father decided to establish a university in memory of his son. The spike was 5 5/8 inches long, weighed 14.03 ounces and was made of 17.6 carat gold. It was in California that Stanford first became involved in politics. How did he treat his competition? As a memorial to his deceased 15-year-old son, Stanford established the Leland Stanford, Jr. University in Palo Alto, better known as simply Stanford University, by donating land and funds worth approximately $30 million. How diverse industrial arts can benefit from the computers and internet access? John D. Rockefeller being a captain of industry and Stanford being a robber baron. "Stanford, Leland Leland Stanford, along with his wife Jane, founded Leland Stanford Junior University as a monument to their only child who died as a teenager on a trip to Europe. “We deem it of the first importance that the education of both sexes shall be equally full and complete, varied only as nature dictates,” Leland Stanford had declared in his first address to university trustees in 1885. . However, in 1861 Stanford won the gubernatorial election by a plurality, due to a split in the Democratic Party. He died at the age of 15 on a family trip to Italy, but from typhoid fever, not from an accident. If you really are a Stanford student, it is odd that you never noticed that the University is named after his son, Leland Stanford, Jr, who died of typhoid at age 15. Gale Encyclopedia of U.S. Economic History, 1717 Main Street, Suite 5900 ." The SEC shut down R. Allen Stanford's operations 10 years ago this week. He died at the age of 15 on a family trip to Italy, but from … Leland Stanford (1824-1893) was an entrepreneur, politician, and with his wife Jane, the founder of Stanford University. How did he spend his money Spent his money on making the railroad. McGuire, William, and Leslie Wheeler. At the point the Stanfords met with Eliot, they apparently had not yet decided about whether to establish a university, a technical school or a museum. His golden opportunity came in 1861, when the Civil War split the Democratic party, and he won the governor's office with less than the combined vote of his two Democratic opponents. He also got a fortune on selling equipment to miners. The remainder was left attached to the spike in a large sprue. . Stanford's senatorial career was undistinguished. Both ranches were eventually donated to Stanford University. Stanford did not appreciate the crucial advantage of the subtreasury in enabling the farmer to store his or her crops in the subtreasury until the market price were optimal. About $ 20 million was sent to the opening of the mentioned educational institution. Stanford was also a noted art collector, acquiring paintings, sculpture, and other art objects to adorn his residences in San Francisco and Palo Alto. He also gained considerable influence through his friendship with President Lincoln. An interview with Senator Leland Stanford on Money, pp. Stanford was to belong to each from the very start. 0 0 1. Encyclopedia of World Biography. Stanford later served as president of the Southern Pacific Corporation for five years. Two biographies are George T. Clark, Leland Stanford, War Governor of California, Railroad Builder and Founder of Stanford University (1931), and Hubert H. Bancroft, History of the Life of Leland Stanford (1952). ." After he left the governor's office in 1863, he had remained active in influencing legislation in California. The Big Four eventually established a virtual monopoly over transportation in California, and in 1885 they formed the Southern Pacific Corporation as a holding company for their interests. He met defeat in a race for Republican state treasurer in 1857, and 2 years later he lost the gubernatorial contest. Leland Stanford, born on March 9, 1824, in Watervliet, N.Y., was one of eight children of a prosperous farmer who also dabbled in various local bridge and road contracts. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply. Stanford also served on minor congressional committees and supported popular legislation such as the exclusion of Chinese laborers, industrial co-operatives, and soft money. Leland and Jane Stanford had one son, Leland, Jr., but he never attended Harvard. Stanford did not appreciate the crucial advantage of the subtreasury in enabling the farmer to store his or her crops in the subtreasury until the market price were optimal. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates. An interview with Senator Leland Stanford on Money, pp. I'm writing an essay comparing him and John D. Rockefeller. How did he donate his money? Leland Stanford was born on March 9, 1824, in Watervliet, New York. He was admitted to the New York Bar in 1847, but he moved to Port Huron, Wisconsin, the next year to open his own law office. Leland Stanford (1824–93) was an industrialist and politician who amassed a large fortune from the development of the railroad industry in the west. ." "Stanford, Leland Senator, Stanford advocated private rights in business. He himself was not particularly bright In his early schooling and worked as a farm boy with very minor business ventures involving selling chestnuts in Albany. . To prove that a horse lifted all four of its hooves off the ground, he commissioned photographer Edward Muybridge to set up a battery of cameras triggered by trip wires to photograph a trotting horse. All Rights Reserved. Stanford was president of the combine from 1885 to 1890. Copyright © 2020 Multiply Media, LLC. Cameras and film of the day were ill suited to capturing motion, which usually showed up as a blur. It contributed greatly to the expansion of the West and the commerce of the nation. He donated a large portion THE administration of Theodore Roosevelt was in some respects the first modern presidency. The Big Four, as they came to be known, earned an esti… He is best known today, however, as the founder of one of the world’s most highly regarded universities, an institution that brought elite education west of the Rockies and incubated many of the 20th century’s technological achievements. Wines and Vines, March 1993. Business Leader Profiles for Students. (October 16, 2020). Retrieved October 16, 2020 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/stanford-leland. He was involved early n in the gold rush but with little success, he changed from mining to … © 2019 Encyclopedia.com | All rights reserved. However, the date of retrieval is often important. The Big Four believed that their business could remain profitable only if they maintained their rail monopoly in California. 1869: CPR completed the western portion of the first transcontinental railroad, and Stanford drove in the last gold spike at Promontory, Utah, on May 20. [CDATA[ "Leland Stanford His $30 million endowment to the university consisted of the 9,000-acre Palo Alto ranch, the 59,000-acre Vina Ranch, the Stanford home in San Francisco, the 22,000 acre Gridley ranch, other real estate, and interest-bearing securities. In 1885 he had declared his candidacy for the U.S. Senate and had defeated A. He knew the limitations of photographic technology. (October 16, 2020). His brothers helped him establish a mining store in Cold Springs, but it did not do well so he opened a business at Michigan Bluff, which was successful.

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