The National Council on Teacher Quality’s (NCTQ) December 2013 report, “Training our future teachers: Classroom Management” argues that many of the nation’s teacher preparation programs provide inadequate training in proper classroom management techniques. There are several strategies that we can apply: – Allow the student to decide the order of activities. Once you get your classroom management strategies together you will find that teaching is a pleasure and your students will excel at learning. According to American social and organizational psychologist Robert Katz, the three basic types of management skills include: “Strong teacher-student relationships have long been considered a foundational aspect of a positive school experience,” explains Clayton Cook, the lead author of the study and a professor at the University of Minnesota. If these negative interactions are left unaddressed, students may feel disengaged and be less willing to participate in activities. To be an effective teacher (and be any good at classroom management), you have to have the right demeanor. Classroom management ideas + you = a great learning environment. Get the latest input and ideas from new principals, plus information about how to participate in this exciting and prestigious national program. This article is designed to give you a few tips that will help you with your classroom management strategies. When relationships need repair, teachers can: The takeaway: Effective classroom management starts with relationship building. In the study, teachers used an approach called Establish-Maintain-Restore to build positive interactions with students—a total of 220 in fourth and fifth grade—and boost their sense of belonging. Teachers should exercise patience along with a deep sense of care and kindness towards their wards. When students feel a greater sense of belonging, they’re more likely to be academically engaged … For students with learning or behavioral problems, cultivating positive relationships provided “protective effects” that helped them stay focused on learning. This is hands down the most effective classroom management technique. The report cites research that states over 40 percent of new teachers felt either “not at all prepared,” or “only somewhat prepared” to handle classroom management and discipline. Thus, teachers try to predict all the possible disruptions and make plans to manage them appropriately. Effective classroom management strategies involve organization, fostering good working relationships, as well as a disciplined yet personable attitude. Many experienced teachers know that making meaningful connections with students is one of the most effective ways to prevent disruptions in the first place, and a new study set out to assess this approach. This is great for collaborative learning and enhancing social skills, however, good classroom management strategies are needed to ensure successful learning outcomes. As a result, teachers’ classroom management strategies have changed as well. Be both kind and firm. Classroom management refers to the wide variety of skills and techniques that teachers use to keep students organized, orderly, focused, attentive, on … Effective classroom management means a thriving learning environment and dedicated students. Students are more engaged and compliant when they like and admire their teacher, and the classroom environment is more pleasant for everyone when both the teachers and the students feel that they can trust each other. When those relationships are damaged, student well-being may be affected, leading to academic and behavioral problems. Effective classroom management is being to implement and maintain classroom discipline in an effective manner. Relationship-building was broken down into three phases: the first meeting, maintenance throughout the school year, and points when a relationship may suffer damage, with useful strategies for each phase. A three-phase process helps build strong teacher-student bonds, which can reduce disruptive behavior. Classroom management is a very important aspect of teaching. February 2014, Volume 37, Issue 6. This is one of the top classroom management examples that work. One of the most effective and positive classroom management techniques is to have personal relationships with the students. National Distinguished Principals Program, Copyright © National Association of Elementary School Principals, National Association of Elementary School Principals: Serving all elementary and middle-level principals, Legislative Priorities in the 116th Congress, Instructional Leadership: Curriculum and Instruction, Instructional Leadership: Supporting Teachers, Professional Development: Assistant Principals, Afterschool and Summer Learning Resources, Principal Mentor Training and Certification Program, NAESP Virtual Online Learning: NAESP Radio, National Mentor Training and Certification Program, National Outstanding Assistant Principal Award Program, “Training our future teachers: Classroom Management”. The takeaway: Effective classroom management starts with relationship building. Your students need to know what to expect from you, and consistency will give them that security. Don’t get fooled into thinking you have to choose between being nice or being strict. Classroom Management It is possible the most difficult aspect of teaching for many beginning teachers is managing students’ behavior. When teachers make an effort to get to know each student on a more personal basis, they get more out of their teaching experience as well. With thorough planning, clear routines and consequences, and a supportive team, you can have an environment that you and your students will … No part of the articles in NAESP magazines, newsletters, or website may be reproduced in any medium without the permission of the National Association of Elementary School Principals. Keeping a classroom under control is often a teacher’s biggest challenge—but a new report suggests that teacher preparation programs aren’t doing enough to help aspiring teachers learn classroom management. When students feel a greater sense of belonging, they’re more likely to be academically engaged and demonstrate positive behavior. For more information, view NAESP's reprint policy, Legislative Priorities in the 113th Congress, Implementing the Every Student Succeeds Act, Info and comments from the education sector, Principal Supplement May/June 2018: Principal Practices, NPRC Best Practices: Early Learning – Leading Pre-K-3 Learning Communities, NPRC Best Practices: English Language Learners (ELL), NPRC Best Practices: Federal Mandates—The Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA), NPRC Best Practices: Federal Mandates—Common Core, NPRC Best Practices: Instructional Leadership—Curriculum and Instruction, NPRC Best Practices: Instructional Leadership—Supporting Teachers, NPRC Best Practices: Professional Development for Assistant Principals, School Leadership in Action: Principal Practices, 2016 Annual Conference in National Harbor, MD, Principal(ing) in Place: An Evening to Connect, Learn, and Laugh, Leading Learning Communities: Pillars, Practices, and Priorities for Effective Principals, The Pre-K–8 School Leader in 2018: A 10-Year Study, The Principal’s Guide to Building Culturally Responsive Schools. As you can see, there are so many good ideas for how to approach preschool classroom management. And of course, teacher networks are rich with helpful advice and creative solutions. But, I hope you find some new ideas in this list to help you with your classroom management. Procedures. (A follow-up study with middle school teachers used the same strategies, with similar results.) If your classroom management techniques fall behind the times, you'll have a daily struggle to keep your students engaged. Today’s digital students love working in groups; it’s in their nature. A well-managed classroom helps maximize students’ learning potential while reinforcing good values and behaviors deemed necessary in everyday life. Communicator For me, the definition of effective classroom management skills involves a system where everyone in the classroom knows the expectations, guidelines, and consequences of behavior issues. Sign up today! Teachers with effective classroom management skills are aware of high needs students and have a repertoire of specific techniques for meeting some of their needs (Marzano & Marzano, 2003). The physical arrangement of the classroom can affect both student and teacher behavior, and a well structured classroom management plan of design has the ability to improve learning and behavior. Each class should feel more like a family. By encouraging these skills in new teachers, principals can help fill the gap between preparation and practice. Good classroom management reduces disruptions in class. “The goal is to ensure all students feel a sense of belonging that is characterized by trust, connection, and understanding,” Cook and his colleagues explain. By encouraging these skills in new teachers, principals can help fill the gap between preparation and practice. new study set out to assess this approach. There’s nothing easy about shepherding a large group of easily distractible young people with different skills and temperaments along a meaningful learning journey. ©Shutterstock.com/Monkey Business Images Effective classroom management requires awareness, patience, good timing, boundaries, and instinct. Combined with the “Big Five,” these classroom management strategies can help teachers stay in control and spend more time teaching. To establish positive relationships, teachers can: Without active maintenance, relationships deteriorate over time, the study authors point out. The time a teacher has to take to correct misbehavior caused by poor classroom management skills results in a lower rate of academic engagement in the classroom. Check out the eight best classroom management strategies that’ll help you govern your classroom and teach your students in 2020. Effective classroom managers expect good behavior and follow through with consequences equitably when it is not displayed. Classroom management can be a challenge, but it doesn’t have to be. 2. Classroom management is a process driven by the teacher who is the facilitator of learning and tactfully makes the various elements (students, … Effective classroom management involves clear Make math learning fun and effective with Prodigy Math Game. Good classroom management skills start with setting certain ground rules to stress the importance of classroom dignity. Younger teachers should actively look to more veteran teachers and administrators for advice and support when working to improve. Teaching Youth Prevention Education places us directly in a classroom in the teaching or facilitating role. Why Have Classroom Management Techniques? Simply put, classroom management refers to the wide variety of skills and techniques that teachers use to ensure that their classroom runs smoothly, without disruptive behavior from students. Show enthusiasm In fact, classroom management is the key to success in any classroom around the world. NCTQ makes five research-based recommendations on what strategies should be taught in teacher preparation programs. Teachers may focus too much on academics and not enough on supporting students’ emotional well-being, slowly using up the banked time they initially built up with students. Free for students, parents and educators. At the start of the school year, the teachers in the study made time for establishing relationships. The skills associated with effective classroom management are only acquired with practice, feedback, and a willingness to learn from mistakes. So how do master teachers do it? In classrooms where teachers used a series of techniques centered around establishing, maintaining, and restoring relationships, academic engagement increased by 33 percent and disruptive behavior decreased by 75 percent—making the time students spent in the classroom more worthwhile and productive. Classroom management includes elements of classroom discipline, but focuses more on creating a peaceful learning environment that is comfortable, organized, engaging, and respectful for both the teacher and the students. Once you’ve come up with a classroom management plan, it’s important to be consistent. I’m a sucker for funny, and if a student is being disruptive, and it happens to be funny, well… Unfortunately - no matter how dedicated you are as a teacher, or how passionate you are about your students and subject, doesn't translate into good classroom management. 1. They may also be more likely to misbehave, creating further damage. Have rules: It is important to have a … So it’s important for teachers to “intentionally reconnect” with students to restore the relationship to a positive state. However, this way of thinking ignores how classroom management strategies can enhance teaching at every level. This is a tough one for me, and this goes back to having a sense of humor. Teachers can maintain relationships by continuing to implement the strategies above, and in addition they can: Eventually, negative interactions such as misunderstandings, conflict, or criticism can weaken a teacher-student relationship. This can loosely be defined as the ability to maintain a functioning classroom in which your students demonstrate appropriate behaviors that are conducive to learning. Let’s take a look at what you can do as a teacher or leader to help maintain discipline and management in your classroom. Combined with the “Big Five,” these classroom management strategies can help teachers stay in control and spend more time teaching. Discipline often comes to mind at the mention of classroom management, but the crucial component of teaching is much more. Managing a classroom is important to being an effective teacher, but it can take years to master classroom management skills. Sadly, this is often easier said than done. —Ned Colbert, NAESP communications assistant, Copyright © 2014. National Association of Elementary School Principals. And when you are on the job, working with kids day after day, you might feel your intuition kicking in, helping you navigate. They work, game, and connect online constantly and in school, it’s no different. Another thing to have good classroom management skills is that the teacher should concern to the selection of the students. When this is successful, it increases the time students spend on lesson activities rather … When students trust their teacher, they make more of an effort to follow the rules. You can call it classroom management or behavior management – I use the terms interchangeably. Ensure you have procedures in place for students moving around the room and school. Part of the problem stems from the assumption that instructional virtuosity will erase the need for defined classroom management strategies. Because the expectations are clearly explained, the students know what they need to do. Classroom management techniques may get things back on track, but valuable time has already been lost. It’s a daunting but all-too-common sight for many teachers: A classroom full of rowdy students who are unable to focus on the lesson. Effective classroom management gives the students little time to misbehave. In order to create an inviting, safe, supportive learning environment, using classroom management for the way you arrange your desks matters. You’re probably already doing some of these classroom management tips and tricks or you are familiar with them. For students involves in deciding what studying and what playing will encourage a lot and avoid disruptively. Encourage Group Projects In every teacher's toolbox for effective classroom management, there should exist lessons and tasks for building teamwork and leadership skills. These teachers agree that consistency is in the list of classroom management examples that work. Since it can be easy for some students to fall through the cracks, a relationship reflection form—like the one we share here—can help teachers take notes on each individual student and highlight ones who need the most attention. Edutopia® and Lucas Education Research™ are trademarks or registered trademarks of the George Lucas Educational Foundation in the U.S. and other countries. These strategies should be considered equally by principals who want to encourage better classroom management among their own teachers: In addition to these “Big Five” recommendations, the report also identifies a number of strategies that principals and teachers should consider. Having good classroom management skills is one of the essential qualities an excellent teacher requires; these classroom management strategies should help immensely. That boils down to a few main things: 1.
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