The Saskatoon Serviceberry has a fairly narrow hardiness range and does not flourish in areas with extreme temperatures. This species produces the best quality fruit. However, a second bush can sometimes generate larger harvests. The Saskatoon Serviceberry does equally well in full sun or partial sun. Beyond yearly pruning, the Saskatoon Serviceberry requires no special care. Most Saskatoon bushes are self-fruiting, which means it isn’t necessary to plant another bush nearby. A type of serviceberry, Saskatoon shrubs are especially valued for their cold-hardiness, as this tough plant can survive numbing temperatures of -60 F. (-51 C.). In early American folklore, the plant’s flowering time signaled pioneers that the ground had thawed enough in spring for the burial of the winter’s dead. The Plants Database includes the following 4 subspecies of Amelanchier alnifolia . These shrubs grow somewhat slowly, but over time can easily form colonies, so keep an eye out for root suckers and trim them to keep growth under control; if a hedge is desired, plant them five feet apart. Plant in autumn if possible. If you want to get technical, the botanical name for juneberry is amelanchier. Also known as western juneberry, prairie berry or western serviceberry, Saskatoon bush (Amelanchier alnifolia) is native to the area extending from the inland Northwest and the Canadian prairies to the southern Yukon. Care of Serviceberries Since it is somewhat prone to mildew, humidity can also be an issue. Notes: Leaves are 1.5 – 2.5 inches, oblong-elliptic in shape, and finely toothed. Pruning should be done in the fall in order to avoid excessive loss of sap. Attractive to pollinators, they are followed by small, sweet, blue berries in early summer. Cultivation and uses. Plant in full sun with protection from the wind, spacing them one to 1.3 metres apart. (Here’s an explanation of its origin if you’re curious.) Although they will grow well in both part shade and full sun, planting in full sun is recommended if you want the best tasting and largest harvest of fruit. Serviceberry is an easy plant to grow. Specimens planted in spring take longer to become established in the landscape and require more water initially. A compact serviceberry, Amelanchier alnifolia 'Regent' (Serviceberry) is an ornamental shrub which provides multi-season interest. Today people use the fruit for making pastries, jellies and syrups. However, don’t mulch until late spring when the soil is warm and relatively dry. Serviceberry ?Saskatoon? The seeds of the Saskatoon Serviceberry can be toxic if eaten in a large quantity (similar to apple seeds; indeed, this plant is more closely related to apple trees than to blueberry shrubs). What is a Saskatoon bush? This shrub grows best in a slightly acidic, moist (but not wet) and well-drained soil. The branches can grow quite thick, and benefit from yearly pruning in early spring or autumn. Like blueberries, they also contain many beneficial nutrients, including antioxidants, magnesium, iron, vitamin E, and fiber: toss them in your morning smoothie for a nutritional boost. Saskatoon berries, with a flavor reminiscent of cherry with a hint of almond, are rich in protein, fiber and antioxidants. To make your soil more acidic, add some peat moss, pine needles or coffee grounds. This shrub doesn't have any special water needs beyond normal rainfall and can be somewhat drought tolerant. It will tolerate wet sites and transplants easily. The serviceberry can be expected to grow in Hardiness Zones 4–8. Prolonged drought may affect the production of berries, also, as is found with other berries. cially during winter, plant saskatoons in locations where they will be sheltered from the wind. It will tolerate alkaline soil and is also tolerant of ... Light. More Varieties of Serviceberry Credit: Jay Wilde 'Regent' Serviceberry Amelanchier alnifolia 'Regent' is a compact shrub that grows 6 feet tall and 4 feet wide. An individual bush may bear fruit 30 or more years. This is an excellent landscape specimen for planting along the edges of woodland gardens or large border plantings. The berries can be frozen for future use. Saskatoon berries (Amelanchier alnifolia) look much like blueberries, though they are more closely related to the apple family. This shrub grows best in a slightly acidic, moist (but not wet) and well-drained soil. They are also available throughout the year when frozen. Berries ripen in late June or early July. While you cut away a rooted sucker, remove debris from the base of the plant that could harbor rust and scab. Saskatoon bushes generally reach heights of 6 to 10 feet (2-3 m.), depending on the cultivar. Because they bloom early and the flowers are vulnerable to frost damage, select areas with good air drainage to avoid frost pockets. By using The Spruce, you accept our, How to Grow and Care for a Weeping Willow Tree. Small blue-green leaves turn brilliant yellow and red in fall and the light gray bark is smooth with vertical streaks add winter interest. The Saskatoon Serviceberry does equally well in full sun or partial sun. Don’t fertilize Saskatoon shrubs at planting time. is a deciduous shrub or small tree with edible fruit similar to blueberries. In mid spring, before the leaves appear, it produces masses of showy and slightly fragrant white flowers held in upright clusters. #FSS1 - Serviceberry Shadblow (Amelanchier canadensis) Masses of white, early spring flowers emerge before any trees leaf out, edible purple/red fruit in mid-summer, then bright yellow to red foliage in fall. The Saskatoon Serviceberry has blue/green foliage and beautiful red and yellow fall color. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Serviceberry (or juneberry or saskatoon berry) is in the same family as roses, apples, and plums. Three ways to propagate serviceberries. Amelanchier alnifolia (Nutt.) View Map. The clusters of fragrant, white drooping flowers appear in spring, followed by large, bluish-purple berries which are juicy and edible. Peg Aloi is an experienced gardener and writer whose interests include the folklore of plants and herbs. Its edible berries are enjoyed by birds and are edible to humans. Rabbits and mice may also enjoy chewing on the bark; one natural cure for this is spraying with a solution of water with shaved Irish Spring soap (dissolve one shaved bar into one quart hot water, then dilute with two gallons on water; shake before using). Begin with disease- and pest-free stock from a reputable nursery, as Saskatoon bushes are vulnerable to pests and disease. It provides three seasons of visual interest, with fragrant, pendulous white blossoms in spring tha attract butterflies, juicy purple berries (also called Juneberries) in summer which are beloved by birds, and a dramatic autumn color switch when the leaves turn from bluish green to brilliant shades of red, orange and yellow. If the root system becomes exposed, add some topsoil around the base. By working compost into the soil before you plant it, it will help in the strong establishment of the plant because of excellent maintenance of the moisture in the soil. It is an edible, medicinal, and ornamental plant. Soil. The berries are often cooked into pies. In extended periods of drought, however, lasting more than two weeks, or more than a week with daily temperatures over 85F, a deep watering at the base of the tree will help keep it healthy. Nearly any type of well-drained soil is suitable for Saskatoon bushes, although the shrubs don’t do well in heavy clay. Water as needed to keep the soil moist but never soggy. It will tolerate alkaline soil and is also tolerant of clay soil. Use by Wildlife: Saskatoon serviceberry is a valuable wildlife plant. Seeds can be sown in fall or, using a cold-stratification method, in spring. Prune Saskatoon shrubs to remove dead and damaged growth. Soil — Plant in acidic, fertile, moist but well-drained soil with a pH between 5.5 and 7.0. These shrubs can also be used to form a hedge or thicket if desired; expect them to fill up with birds as the thick growth makes a great hiding place for them, especially when filled with berries. Nutt. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board, Saskatoon Serviceberry, Western Serviceberry, Indian Pear, Prairie Berries, Juneberries, North America (Northeast and Midwest USA, Canada). Clean the seeds immediately to prevent any fermentation. Put in a large amount of water, and wait for the soil and root to fully absorb this liquid. When ordering, make sure you ask for Amelanchier alnifolia, which is known in Canada and the Midwest U.S. as saskatoon berry. These plants can be propagated from seed collected from the ripe fruits. The taste can be somewhat bland owing to their being more sweet than tart, and, like blueberries, fresh lemon zest or juice is often used to boost their flavor in recipes. This toxicity is destroyed after cooking or drying. A light dressing of manure every other autumn will keep the root system healthy. Mulch the shrub to control weeds and keep the soil evenly moist. var. The city of Saskatoon in Saskatchewan is named for it. Space plants 12 to 15 feet apart, or group trees closer together to form a … They grow in many conditions, from sea level to mountain peaks, and are less pi… Don’t worry about the plant becoming invasive, as serviceberry trees can be grown near to buildings without problems. Pruning also improves air circulation throughout the foliage. Nets are often used to protect fruit from hungry birds. Domesticated for fruit production, Amelanchier alnifolia (Serviceberry) is a deciduous, upright, suckering shrub with four seasons of interest. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. There are two Saskatoon Serviceberry cultivars that can accommodate different size and shape preferences: the "Regent" is a compact version that grows only four to six feet tall and wide, and the "Standing Ovation" grows from twelve to fifteen feet high but only two to three feet wide. The Saskatoon Serviceberry tree is native to North America and is found throughout the North, Central and Midwestern United States, including Alaska, and western Canada. ex M. Roem. Soil / Climate: Saskatoon is native to North America and adaptable to most soil types but prefers moist soils in swamps and thickets. The wood is extremely heavy and hard and is occasionally made into tool handles. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. To be on the safe side, don't eat too many fresh serviceberries. Though some gardeners find the berries to be messy, you may find your array of songbirds becomes more diverse with a serviceberry planted in your yard. Seedlings are planted with 13–20 feet (4.0–6.1 m) between rows and 1.5–3 feet (0.46–0.91 m) between plants. Over time, the suckers will cause the plant to form a small colony. A type of serviceberry, Saskatoon shrubs are especially valued for their cold-hardiness, as this tough plant can survive numbing temperatures of -60 F. (-51 C.). However, if you're after the biggest, sweetest berries, plant them in deep, rich soil and keep them watered through the summer. This will also improve texture and drainage of clay soil. – Saskatoon serviceberry Subordinate Taxa. Attractive to pollinators, they are followed by abundant, edible, dark purple berries in summer. Young plants will begin to produce berries in their third year. Where to find Juneberry Plants. HOW TO GROW SERVICEBERRY IN THE ORNAMENTAL GARDEN. Serviceberry (Amelanchier spp.) This Serviceberry cultivar tends to flower early in the spring with ¾ inch, 5-petaled white flowers. Drainage It’s not as picky as blueberries as far as drainage is concerned, but a well-drained soil can really help it out a lot, like loam soil . The tree, which is technically a shrub, grows to a height of eight to ten feet, and reaches six or seven feet in width. Many would describe the taste of saskatoon as having a sweet, nutty almond flavor. Mature Height: 10-20 ft. It forms root suckers, and if allowed to grow, will result in the plant growing as a shrub rather than a tree. Saskatoons can grow to be large plants. Sign up for our newsletter. Saskatoon serviceberry (A. alnifolia) is a native of western Minnesota's prairies and is a 6-to-9-foot shrub. Growing Saskatoon Bushes. Very cold winters or very hot summers are not suitable for this shrub's growing habit. Plant trees 9 feet (2.5 m.) apart as a hedgerow for serviceberry fruit production. Saskatoons are adaptable to most soil types with exception of poorly drained or heavy clay soils lacking organic matter. Check Saskatoon bushes for pests frequently, as Saskatoon shrubs are vulnerable to aphids, mites, leafrollers, sawflies and others. Saskatoon Serviceberry (Amelanchier alnifolia) The Saskatoon Serviceberry is a beautiful ornamental shrub that grows 6 to 10 feet tall. Serviceberry flower and fruit best in full sun, but tolerate some shade. Similarly, fall color may vary from red to bright yellow. Grow serviceberry trees purchased from a local nursery and plant from spring to early fall in moist, well-drained soils. In the wild, it can grow significantly larger than in the landscape. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Serviceberry trees grow fast and can quickly fill a garden. There are a few pests to be aware of with this shrub, including fireblight, mildew, rust, fungal leaf spots, and cankers. Tree Type Mature Size The downy serviceberry grows to a height of 15–25' and a spread of 15–25' at maturity. 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For gardens or hand-picked field crops, space your rows 10 to 12 feet apart. Saskatoons ripen in early summer on the coast and late summer … Saskatoon Bush Care Saskatoon Serviceberries are hardy plants that only need occasional attention. Saskatoon Serviceberry Plant Profile. Nutt. If you plan to use a me-chanical harvester for a commercial farm, the row spacing will be wider. They are also high in fiber, protein and antioxidants. Amend the soil by digging in organic matter such as compost, grass clippings or chopped leaves. By: Mary H. Dyer, Credentialed Garden Writer. The landscaper recommending them called them serviceberry, which struck me as an odd name indeed. Smooth serviceberry (A. laevis) is larger shrub or small tree, often reaching heights of 40 to 45 feet, and is native to east central Minnesota. Many pests can be controlled by regular use of insecticidal soap spray. It is an edible, medicinal, and ornamental plant. Its name is derived from a Cree word (misâskwatômina) meaning “the fruit of the tree of many branches." Serviceberry is a deciduous shrub or small tree in the rose family (Rosaceae). Presently, most juneberry plant material can only be sourced in Canada. Some people enjoy the berries also; they have a blueberry-like flavor and can be used in much the same way for making pies, cobblers, or preserves. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Saskatoon or western serviceberry is a medium to large upright, multi-stemmed shrub with four-season interest. Nearly any type of well-drained soil is suitable for Saskatoon bushes, although the shrubs don’t do well in heavy clay. Native plant to the American Great Plains, it is quite drought tolerant. Saskatoon shrubs are attractive plants that bloom in spring and produce scads of bluish-purple Saskatoon berries in summer.

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