The Big Four incorporated the Central Pacific Railroad Company of California, on June 28, 1861. The vaunted Southern Pacific name carries a complex history although its immediate heritage can be traced back to the Transcontinental Railroad's completion. As the Central Pacific began at Sacramento and built eastward, all supplies other than those obtained from California or from along the road had to be brought from the eastern states. Incorporated in 1861, CPRR ceased operation in 1885 when it … The original Western Pacific Railroad (1862–1870) was established in 1862 to build the westernmost portion of the First Transcontinental Railroad, between Sacramento and San Jose, California (later Oakland, California).After completing the last link from Sacramento to Oakland, this company was absorbed into the Central Pacific Railroad in 1870. The railroad ended in Promontory, Utah. Although the Union Pacific did not start building in earnest until the end of the Civil War in 1865, they raced ahead across the flat terrain, at one point laying eight miles of track in one day.  Settlers were attracted to communities near railroads because they provided access to markets. Southern Pacific Railroad. However construction soon slowed, first by the Sierra Nevada mountains and then by winter snowstorms. On May 10, 1869, the Union Pacific and Central Pacific railroad lines joined 1776 miles of rail at Promontory Summit, Utah Territory. The Southern Pacific was first officially established under the actual SP name during 1870, and was once the largest Western-based US Class 1 railroad which eventually grew by the 1960's and 1970's due to the purchase and absorption of the St. Louis Southwestern "Cotton Belt" Railroad (SSW). On Friday, September 4, 1885, the train brought the town's new school teacher Clara Clayton among its passengers, and delivered the clock for the new courthouse. There were many challenges to building the railroad east from Sacramento, CA. 1 Governor Stanford, was placed in service on November 10. In order to construct the railway andencourage future settlement, the government consider… Transcontinental Railroad Fact 4: January 8, 1863: California Governor Leland Stanford conducts the Groundbreaking Groundbreaking ceremony for the Central Pacific in Sacramento, California. Burton Folsom, in The Myth of the Robber Barons, separates entrepreneurs of this time into two groups; the political entrepreneurs and the market entrepreneurs. Th… The Central Pacific Railroad began in Council Buff, Nebraska. Nebraska. In 1869 the Union Pacific Railroad out of Omaha, Nebraska, and the Central Pacific Railroad out of Sacramento, California linked tracks in the Golden Spike ceremony at Promontory Summit, Utah to form the first transcontinental railroad service in the United States. The Central Pacific used black power during most of the construction phase of the railroad, but the Summit Tunnel through the highest point of the Sierra Nevada range proved a formidable obstacle that necessitated the use of nitroglycerin. The Southern Pacific came into the state by leasing the original line of the Central Pacific. What state did the railroad pass through for the Central Pacific? The Bill charters Central Pacific to build the California line and the Union Pacific Railroad Company to build west from the Missouri River. Later in the series, we see elements of how the Central Pacific overcame nature, among other difficulties, to finally join up with the Union Pacific at Promontory Summit on May 10, 1869. The UP and CP, then, would compete for government generosity, and the line that built the most miles would get the most cash and land. Nevada. In 1862, President Abraham Lincoln approved the Pacific Railway Act, assuring private railroad companies that the government would subsidize the cost to build a transcontinental railroad. By April 1864 the jubilance of groundbreaking had long ago faded into the ether. Representatives of both railroads take turns driving the final golden spike into the ground during a ceremony at Promontory Summit in the Utah Territory. The Central Pacific Railroad On January 8, 1863, Leland Stanford, now governor, officially broke ground in Sacramento to begin construction of the Central Pacific Railroad. In six years, more than 20,000 workers' Chinese (absent from this picture), Irish, and others had laid down some 1,700 miles of track in the largest American civi… "Doc" Emmett Brown and Marty McFly took the opportunity to ask the engineerwhether a steam locomotive could go as fast as ninety miles per hour (which theoretically could be done if the train wasn't hauling any cars behind it and if the boiler was heated to dangerous leve… The first transcontinental railroad is officially completed, as the Union Pacific and Central Pacific lines join some 1,700 miles of track connecting to the eastern networks. This law authorized the Central Pacific to begin building the transcontinental railroad eastward from Sacramento, California, and the Union Pacific to begin building westward from Omaha, Nebraska. The SP originally operated from California to Utah (and various other places in the West; including a brief period in Wyoming, though t… It did not begin in Omaha, that is a wrong fact. By year's end, similar locomotive routes exist in New York and South Carolina. Rio Grande lost control of the Western Pacific in 1916, with the latter railroad company remaining independent until it was merged with the Union Pacific in 1982, giving Union Pacific direct access to the ports of Oakland and San Francisco. The first, and most difficult challenge for both companies building the transcontinental railroad, was the Sierra Nevada mountains. Although the Central Pacific had a two-year head start over the Union Pacific, the rough terrain of the Sierra Nevadas limited their construction to only 100 miles by the end … The Central Pacific's first locomotive, No. On May 10, 1869, Leland Stanford, president of the Central Pacific Railroad Company and Thomas Clark Durant, Union Pacific Railroad Company vice president, drove the last spike at Promontory, Utah, linking the eastern railroad system to California. Constructed from the west by the Central Pacific and from the east by the Union Pacific, the two roads were linked in Utah in 1869 to great national fanfare. Both railroad companies battled against their respective obstacles to lay the most miles of track, therefore gaining the most land and money. The line began in Sacramento, the railroad's western terminus. Chief financial backers of the Central Pacific Railroad-Leland Stanford (ex-gov of Cali, used political connections), Collis Huntington (lobbyist)-walked away with 10s of millions, but were never directly involved with bribing congressmen The six men organize themselves as the first Board of Directors of the Central Pacific Railroad Company. Although the Central Pacific had a two-year head start over the Union Pacific, the rough terrain of the Sierra Nevadas limited their construction to only 100 miles by the end … In 1868, they purchased the Southern Pacific. The transcontinental railroad crossed western plains and mountains and linked the West Coast with the rail networks of the eastern United States. To end the struggle of traveling in bad conditions and to get products across the country. The Central Pacific Railroad broke ground at Front and K Streets in Sacramento on January 8, 1863, and laid its first rail on October 26. The Central Pacific Railroad (CPRR) was a rail company chartered by U.S. Congress in 1862 to build a railroad eastwards from Sacramento, California, to complete the western part of the First Transcontinental Railroad in North America. The telegram was signed, “Leland Stanford, Central Pacific Railroad. Both railroad companies battled against their respective obstacles to lay the most miles of track, therefore gaining the most land and money. On July 1, 1862, President Lincoln signed the Railroad Act of 1862, which authorized the Union Pacific to build a railroad from the Missouri River to California, or until it met the Central Pacific. In 1876 the Southern Pacific completed a line through the San Joaquin Valley of California, connecting San Francisco and Los Angeles.