Complete and detailed technical data about the element Ytterbium in the Periodic Table. Ytterbium is readily attacked and dissolved by mineral acids and reacts slowly with water. The Yb is drawn with lines shaped as rays because Ytterbium isotopes are known to emit gamma rays. Y is the only stable isotope, and the only isotope found in the Earth's crust. Ytterbium atoms have 70 electrons and the shell structure is 18.104.22.168.8.2. The element is named after Ytterby, Sweden. It has the atomic number 70. Ytterbium can be used to convert infra-red light to red and green. About 31.83% of the ytterbium in nature is 174 Yb. Ytterbium - Protons - Neutrons - Electrons - Electron Configuration. Initially, the metals are extracted as salts from the ores by extraction with sulphuric acid (H2SO4), hydrochloric acid (HCl), and sodium hydroxide (NaOH). In aqueous solution, like compounds of other late lanthanides, soluble ytterbium compounds form complexes with nine water molecules. Ytterbium dust is flammable. While the element is fairly stable, it should be kept in closed containers to protect it from air and moisture. For all the basics about ytterbium, check out the Visual Elements Periodic Table. It is a white silvery, soft, ductile and rare earth metal. The chemical symbol for Ytterbium is Yb. It is also found in euxenite and xenotime (phosphate mineral). Up until the early 1990's a company in Russia sold a periodic table collection with element samples. The other product is chlorine gas. Named after Ytterby, a village in Sweden. It has the chemical symbol Yb. Because of its closed-shell electron configuration, its density and melting and boiling points differ significantly from those of most other lanthanides. Binary compounds with halogens (known as halides), oxygen (known as oxides), hydrogen (known as hydrides), and other compounds of ytterbium where known. Nuclides / Isotopes; Potential Parent Nuclides. Ytterbium has 70 protons and electrons in its structure. Year of discovery: Discoverer: 1878: Jean C. G. de Marignac (1817-1894) show more : Copyright © 1998-2020 Jan Straka All rights reserved. Ytterbium was discovered by Jean Charles Galinard de Marignac (CH) in 1878. Interactive periodic table showing names, electrons, and oxidation states. Ytterbium has a bright silvery luster, is soft, malleable, and quite ductile. Some people might just have known that it was one of 4 chemical elements named after the small Swedish town of Ytterby, along with ytterbium… It is represented by the symbol Yb and it has atomic number 70. Ytterbium has a bright silvery lustre, is soft, malleable, and quite ductile. Like most of all the lanthanide elements, it exhibits +3 oxidation state. Czech version The ground state electronic configuration of neutral ytterbium is [Xe].4f14.6s2 and the term symbol of ytterbium is 1S0. A horizontal row in the periodic table. With an atomic number of 70, and an atomic mass of 173.04 g/mol, Ytterbium also has common oxidation states of 2+ and 3+. Ytterbium is a silver metal with an atomic number of 70, meaning there are 70 protons in its nucleus. Comprehensive data on the chemical element Ytterbium is provided on this page; including scores of properties, element names in many languages, most known nuclides of Ytterbium. The chemical symbol for Ytterbium is Yb. in Newton Desk, Periodic Table Leave a comment 1,847 views 9 70 Yb (Ytterbium) Flashcard of Ytterbium. To find out more, see our, https://www.chemicool.com/elements/ytterbium.html. Ytterbium bromide (YbBr 3) Ytterbium chloride (YbCl 2) Ytterbium trichloride (YbCl 3) Ytterbium oxide (Yb 2 O 3) Interesting facts: It was discovered by separating gadolinite into three different materials: yttria, erbia and terbia. Through intense scrutiny of a so-called "periodic table" found in any chemistry textbook, a group of scientists has inferred a few key properties of the element Ytterbium. On the other hand neon, the noble gas, immediately preceding it in the periodic table, requires 2081 kJ/mol or 21.56 eV/atom. It is part of a group of chemical elements in the periodic table named the Lanthanides. It is used as dopant to improve the grain refinement, strength and other mechanical properties of stainless steel. ... Ytterbium was isolated in 1878 by Jean Charles Galissard de Marignac at the University of Geneva. The most important are xenotime, monazite, and bastnaesite. Ytterbium is element number 70 with an element symbol Yb. Ytterbium Element: Ytterbium is a penultimate chemical element in the lanthanide series of periodic table. The periodic table is a graphic way of represent… Atomic Number, The atomic number of an element is equal to the number of protons in the nucleus of its atom. Common chemical compounds are also provided for many elements. Here are interesting facts about element Yb, as well as a summary of key atomic data: Ytterbium metal increases electrical resistivity so it is used to monitor ground deformation from earth quakes and explosions. It is also used with yttrium in certain steel alloys. Until about 20 years ago, most scientists had not heard of it, other than vaguely noting where it was in the periodic table, under scandium and above lanthanum. The first two are orthophosphate minerals LnPO4 (Ln deonotes a mixture of all the lanthanoids except promethium which is vanishingly rare) and the third is a fluoride carbonate LnCO3F. Reactions of ytterbium as the element with air, water, halogens, acids, and bases where known. WebElements: THE periodic table on the WWW [www.webelements.com] Ytterbium Properties. It can be found in gadolinite, monazite, and xenotime. For example, sodium requires only 496 kJ/mol or 5.14 eV/atom to ionize it. Fully descriptive writeups. What is Ytterbium? Ytterbium (Yb), chemical element, a rare-earth metal of the lanthanide series of the periodic table. The atomic number of each element increases by one, reading from left to right. These elements are identical with aldebaranium and cassiopeium, discovered independently and at about the same time by von Welsbach. The total number of neutrons in the … Yttrium is almost always found in combination with lanthanide elements in rare-earth minerals, and is never found in nature as a free element. It is soft and silver in colour. Copyright 1993-2020 Mark Winter [ The University of Sheffield and WebElements Ltd, UK]. Periodic Table, The periodic table is a chart that shows the chemical elements and their relationship to each other. For amazing photos and facts about ytterbium, check out The Elements by Theodore Gray. The story began with yttrium, discovered in 1794, which was contaminated with other rare-earth elements (aka lanthanoids). Visualize trends, 3D orbitals, isotopes, and mix compounds. You can reference the WebElements periodic table as follows:"WebElements, https://www.webelements.com, accessed December 2020. Ytterbium atoms have 70 electrons and the shell structure is 22.214.171.124.8.2. The lanthanoids are found in nature in a number of minerals. Ytterbium – Melting Point and Boiling Point. Learn more about the Periodic Video road trip to Ytterby! Ytterbium. Isotopes. Ytterbium is a chemical element with the symbol Yb and atomic number 70. Ytterbium abundance in earth crust is about 3 mg/kg. Ytterbium is the most volatile rare-earth metal. It is common substitute to yttrium minerals. Yttrium is a chemical element with the symbol Y and atomic number 39. Yb-171 in an excited state has been proposed as an optical frequency standard, while the other Yb isotopes are used in various physics experiments. ", ground state electronic configuration of neutral ytterbium is. This sample is from The Elements Collection, an attractive and safely packaged collection of the 92 naturally occurring elements that is available for sale. Ytterbium is a rare earth element. However, like the other lanthanides, its most common oxidation state is +3, as in its oxide, halides, and other compounds. Ytterbium - Periodic Table. There are seven naturally occurring isotopes of ytterbium exist, 168 Yb, 170 Yb, 171 Yb, 172 Yb, 173 Yb, 174 Yb, and 176 Yb. Ytterbium is found in … Marignac in 1878 discovered a new component, which he called ytterbia, in the earth then known aserbia. The most comon lanthanoids in these minerals are, in order, cerium, lanthanum, neodymium, and praseodymium. It is also the 70th element on the periodic table. Ytterbium is a soft, malleable and rather ductile element that exhibits a bright silvery luster.A rare earth, the element is easily attacked and dissolved by mineral acids, slowly reacts with water, and oxidizes in air.The oxide forms a protective layer on the surface. It is a silvery, lustrous, malleable and ductile metal that oxidizes slowly in air and reacts with water. It is a silvery-metallic transition metal chemically similar to the lanthanides and has often been classified as a "rare-earth element". The elements in these earths are now known as ytterbium and lutetium, respectively. Atomic Structure of Ytterbium; Chemical Properties of Ytterbium; Physical Properties of Ytterbium; Regulatory / Health; Who/When/Where/How. Properties The element's atomic weight is just over 173. References. At some point their American distributor sold off the remaining stock to a man who is now selling them on eBay. Modern purification techniques for these lanthanoid salt mixtures are ingenious and involve selective complexation techniques, solvent extractions, and ion exchange chromatography. Ytterbium is found in minerals such as yttria, monazite, gadolinite and xenotime. Ytterbium is present along with several rare minerals. Ytterbium Yb (Element 70) of Periodic Table. Bond strengths; lattice energies of ytterbium halides, hydrides, oxides (where known); and reduction potentials where known. Ytterbium is mostly separated from its ores through ion exchange and solvent extraction technique otherwise it is very difficult . It is a soft, malleable silvery metal that will tarnish slightly when stored in air and therefore should be stored in vacuum or in an inert Yb-168 is used for the production of Yb-169 and this radioisotope is used as a radiation source in gamma cameras. Larger: Sample from the Everest Set. Lanthanoids with even atomic numbers are more common. The inside of the "b" is a clock because it has the potential to keep time more accurately than the caesium fountain clock; it is accurate to within a second every 100 million years. Isolation: ytterbium metal is available commercially so it is not normally necessary to make it in the laboratory, which is just as well as it is difficult to isolate as the pure metal. All rights reserved. It is not found free in nature. While the element is fairly stable, it should be kept in closed containers to protect it from air and moisture.
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