It was recently assigned to the informal monophyletic Dalbergia clade (or tribe): the Dalbergieae. P.S. in 1992 PBS Nature broadcast a documentary about African Blackwood, “Mpingo: The Three of Music.” I just found it online: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wUcW1dRH2XQ The demand for this wood for clarinets, oboes, bagpipes etc really has reached a crisis point. The instrument’s maker claims the wood was not stained. durability. The trees do not grow large or fast enough for this to be a good or sustainable use for this wood. Species such as Dalbergia nigra known as Rio, Bahia, Brazilian rosewood, palisander de Rio Grande, or jacaranda and Dalbergia latifolia known as (East) Indian Rosewood or Sonokeling have been heavily used in furniture given their colour and grain. It has compound leaves with alternating leaflets and it has thin, oblong pods holding 1 to 2 seeds. Odor: African blackwood has a mild—though distinctive—scent while being worked. I am wondering if African Blackwood would work well for an axe handle considering that it has a fairly low elastic modulus which I am assuming allows the axe to bend more and absorb shock. The lighter colored sapwood is commonly attacked by powder-post beetles and other borers. For information, 255 m3 per year of semi-processed billets correspond more or less to 1500 m3 of round wood. They have the weight Good quality "A" grade African blackwood commands high prices on the commercial timber market. Texture fine and even; grain straight; luster low; slightly oily. Musical instruments manufacture consumes then 4,5% of the Dalbergia melanoxylon production > Hardwoods > Fabaceae > Dalbergia > Related species. This wood is strong and tough, with color golden to dark brown. Herendeen & Dilcher, 1992, The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, "The dalbergioid legumes (Fabaceae): delimitation of a pantropical monophyletic clade", "First molecular phylogeny of the pantropical genus Dalbergia: implications for infrageneric circumscription and biogeography", "Reconstructing the deep-branching relationships of the papilionoid legumes", https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/f/item/14084. However, there’s a great difference between becoming biologically extinct (what the IUCN measures) versus becoming commercially extinct. Did anyone try to test its impact strength? African blackwood is considered to be among the hardest and densest of woods in the world; indeed, among some 285 species tested, (including Lignum Vitae), Gabriel Janka originally found African Blackwood to be the very hardest. It is used medicinally to preve… African Blackwood Logs (dalbergia Melanoxylon) , Find Complete Details about African Blackwood Logs (dalbergia Melanoxylon),African Blackwood Logs,Black Wood Raw Logs,Ebony Round Logs from Logs Supplier or Manufacturer-BOILER HAWK I have a question about the Janka test with African Blackwood. Also known as African Blackwood, Grenadilla is a tremendously strong wood, making it very durable and less susceptible to cracks. Guill. 591 dalbergia melanoxylon products are offered for sale by suppliers on Alibaba.com, of which logs accounts for 1%, vegetable seeds accounts for 1%, and other timber accounts for 1%. These hardwoods are normally used for strength training When no more black stuff came off on the rag I re-glued the bridge. A special thanks to Steve Earis for providing the endgrain wood sample and turned photo of this wood species. The most famous of these are the rosewoods, so-named because of the smell of the timber when cut, but several other valuable woods are yielded by the genus. Dalbergia species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Bucculatrix mendax which feeds exclusively on Dalbergia sissoo. Dalbergia melanoxylon. It’s super fine grain is perfect for ornamental turning as well. I’m thinking about making a small pipe using African Blackwood, can anyone here speak to it’s heat resistant properties? Dalbergia Melanoxylon. The Ebony of Antiquity – The African blackwood tree is a member of the rosewood family, with taxonomic classification in the family Leguminosae, genus Dalbergia, species melanoxylon. & Perr. The other 2 will have to be done over too. Grenadilla is a member of the rosewood family (Dalbergia Melanoxylon) and has been used for instrument making for centuries. It is generally cut into small billets or logs with its sharply demarcated bright yellow-white sapwood left on to assist in the slow drying so as to prevent cracks developing. It’s also reported by the IUCN as being near threatened. Flora Zambesiaca Leguminosae subfamily Papillionoideae byJ.M. Dalbergia melanoxylon. A fossil †Dalbergia phleboptera seed pod has been found in a Chattian deposit, in the municipality of Aix-en-Provence in France. Grain/Texture: Grain is typically straight; fine, even. The flowers are white, produced in dense clusters. Country of origin. Allergies/Toxicity: Although severe reactions are quite uncommon, African blackwood has been reported as a sensitizer. and more cost effective than wood. The bark is pale grey, smooth, but becoming rough and flaking with age. WE ARE UGANDANS AND ABLE TO SUPPLY ANY MARKET. It is often multi-stemmed and much-branched, forming a low, irregularly shaped crown. Images: Drag the slider up/down to toggle between raw and finished wood. The most famous of these are the rosewoods, so-named because of the smell of the timber when cut, but several other valuable woods are yielded by the genus. Dalbergia melanoxylon. I am curious about this because African Blackwood is much more dense and rot resistant than hickory as well as having a much higher modulus of rupture. man drills. Hi, can you tell me what wood this is? Comments: To be considered the original ebony, African Blackwood was imported and used in Ancient Egypt thousands of years ago. It’s rare, expensive, and restricted so it’ll only get rarer and more expensive still. FYI: I receive a commission on sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc.  All but Dalbergia nigra are listed in Appendix II, with D.nigra listed in Appendix I. Dalbergia comprises the following species:. Comments: To be considered the original ebony, African Blackwood was imported and used in Ancient Egypt thousands of years ago. Shrinkage: Radial: 2.9%, Tangential: 4.8%. Several East Asian species are important materials in traditional Chinese furniture. From shop XLIJI. Since I am making bridges I don’t really want to use epoxy because it might need to be removed later on for whatever reason. I’ve seen rattan sticks break Kamagong in half, because of the If the steel ball is pushed into the wood at the depth that all of test criteria specify, which is 2900lbs, what does the specific gravity have to do with the actual Janka test and what does it mean? Dalbergia sissoo (Indian rosewood) is primarily used for furniture in northern India. 2: 233 (1871); Taub. It does sound like you probably have some African Blackwood on your hands. Both are smallish to medium-sized trees, to 10 m. Another notable timber is cocobolo, mainly from D. retusa, a Central American timber with spectacular decorative orange red figure on freshly cut surfaces which quickly fades in air to more subdued tones and hues. African blackwood (D. melanoxylon) is an intensely black wood in demand for making woodwind musical instruments. Identifying and Using Hundreds of Woods Worldwide, POSTER: Worldwide Woods: Ranked by Hardness. There were 7 pieces of Grenadilla wood (Dalbergia melanoxylon) left over. Dalbergia melanoxylon (also called African Blackwood, Grenadilla, or Mpingo), is a material used to produce musical instruments, especially woodwinds such as the clarinet, because it is one of the hardest (most dense) woods available. Even the name ebony has an Egyptian derivation as hbnywhich has been shown to refer to primarily to Dalbergia melanoxylon, rather than the species which are considered to be ebony today: such as those in the Diospyros genus. Since the tree grows so slowly, and is generally small and gnarly, available boards tend to be narrow—though large clear sections have occasionally been harvested from older trees that yield bookmatched guitar backs (~8″ wide). We consider manufactured items made from any species of Dalbergia spp., except for the Appendix-I listed Brazilian rosewood (D. nigra), that were manufactured before January 2, 2017, as pre-Convention specimens. Furthermore, manufactured items made after January 2, 2017, from pre-Convention wood would also be considered pre-Convention. Many species of Dalbergia are important timber trees, valued for their decorative and often fragrant wood, rich in aromatic oils. Notes: Portions of the lighter sapwood have been included to help illustrate anatomical features more clearly. I just wiped the bottom of the first bridge with acetone and was surprised at how much black oil came out of the wood. The fruit is a pod with one or two seeds per pod. Herendeen & Dilcher, 1992, The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Miočenna flóra z lokalit Kalonda a Mučin, Jana Kučerová, ACTA GEOLOGICA SLOVACA, ročnic 1, 1, 2009, str. Weight: Basic specific gravity (ovendry weight/green volume) about 1.08; air-dry density 83 pcf. ... (Dalbergia melanoxylon) Brazilian rosewood (Dalbergia nigra) Huanghuali (Dalbergia odorifera) Burmese rosewood ... Ash Wood: Black, White, and Everything in Between; Brazilian Rosewood, East Indian, and Other Rosewoods; and density of African Black wood and is almost indestructible D. melanoxylon is relatively slow growing. Incredibly hard, dense and fine-grained, some pieces contain swirls of dark brown/reddish grain mostly obscured, but not entirely, by the darkness of the wood. In addition, African blackwood is technically in the Rosewood genus (Dalbergia), and is more stable and resistant to movement and warping than other types of ebony. How much weight can a 2ft. So I started digging and I really think I have african blackwood rather than ebony as the seller claimed. Are Rosewoods (and Bubinga) really banned by CITES? brittleness of these type of hardwoods the best solution I’ve The “Panther” sticks have similar weight and density to woods like ebony, are much more durable than hardwoods and feel more “wood-like” than polypropylene. It is most often used in crossbanding and other veneers; it should not be confused with the "tulipwood" of the American tulip tree Liriodendron tulipifera, used in inexpensive cabinetwork. This item is made of wood indigenous to Africa, in the early 1900s and is very heavy- heavier than ipe. Depends where the weight is focused and if there is any supporting structures. Copyright © 2008-2020 Eric Meier | All Rights Reserved, genus-wide restriction on all Dalbergia species, very unlikely given its confirmed specific gravity. latin: dalbergia melanoxylon origin: eastern africa African Blackwood is an exotic wood native to Eastern Africa, and is also known as Mozambique Ebony or Senegal Ebony. Pricing/Availability: African blackwood is very expensive, on par with true ebonies such as Gaboon Ebony in the Diospyros genus. African blackwood, also known as Mozambique ebony or grenadilla, is a dense and naturally glossy wood that is considered one of the hardest and densest woods in the world. Advances in Legume Systematics: Part 4, The Fossil Record, Ed. The Megafossil Legumes from China by Gao Shuang-Xing & Zhou Zhe-Kun, Dalbergia melanoxylon or commonly known as African Blackwood, Grenadilla, or Mpingo is a flowering plant native to Africa. )—both of which can have completely black heartwood. Technically it doesn’t meet the Red List criteria of a vulnerable or endangered species, but is close to qualifying and/or may qualify in the near future. P’se email email@example.com, I bought some ebony from a lumberyard, but discovered that the wood exuded some fragrance when sawn. Stronger, and more dimensionally stable. The leaves are deciduous in the dry season, alternate, 6–22 cm long, pinnate, with 6-9 alternately arranged leaflets. It’s that wood is good for build a batiment (a house by exemple) ? See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information.  The genus has a wide distribution, native to the tropical regions of Central and South America, Africa, Madagascar and southern Asia. found is Cold Steel’s polypropylene sticks. Origin of Wood Type. I never had this problem with ebony. Unfortunately, the result is a wood that isn’t stable in the long term, so that instruments “play out” after a number of years, going so irremediably out… Read more », I just finished 3 guitars with African blackwood bridges.  †Dalbergia lucida fossils have been described from the Xiaolongtan Formation of late Miocene age in Kaiyuan County, Yunnan Province, China.. It is an important timber species used in making musical instruments and furniture. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia "African blackwood" redirects here. When made into clarinet or oboe bodies, the wood is typically processed on metal-working equipment, giving it a reputation as being metal-like in some of its working properties. in F.T.A.  Fossils of †Dalbergia nostratum have been found in rhyodacite tuff of Lower Miocene age in Southern Slovakia near the town of Lučenec. Fabaceae + Synonyms. I’m planning on have an impact weapon made with this wood and I’m interested in durabilily of this specific wood. I use a small blackwood pipe and I know of people who use african blackwood for bowl inserts. The (Brazilian) tulipwood (D. decipularis) is cream coloured with red or salmon stripes. in the wrist, forearms and shoulders and should not be used two As far as I understand it, African Blackwood is not endangered. It is a small tree that grows usually 4 - 15 m in height with grey bark, spiny shoots, pinnately compound leaves that are arranged alternately, and white flowers that form into dense clusters. Those properties are particularly valued when used in woodwind instr… Typical axe woods like hickory are not too far off from it in terms of elastic modulus. The Dalbergia species are notorious for causing allergic reactions due to the presence of sensitizing quinones in the wood. Even the name “ebony” has an Egyptian derivation as “hbny”—which has been shown to refer to primarily to Dalbergia melanoxylon, rather than the species which are considered to be ebony today: such as those in the Diospyros genus. Identification: See the article on Hardwood Anatomy for definitions of endgrain features. Does anyone know if this wood’s brown colour is soluble in water? Yes, the colour is soluble. & Perr. The dense, lustrous woodranges in colour from reddish to pure black. In very dark woods, it’s very useful to look at sapwood rather than heartwood to help see details that would otherwise be obscured in blackness. Not sure how you’re gluing it, but as with any oily wood (ebony can be hard to glue too…) you should proceed carefully. It is used for high quality furniture, plywoods, bridge piles, sporting goods, and railway sleepers. log of African Blackwood support before breaking. (This is a monthly update, and your email will be kept private.). [family LEGUMINOSAE-PAPILIONOIDEAE], in Fl.Seneg. In my opinion, it’s a superior wood anyway. Occasionally slightly lighter, with a dark brown or purplish hue. I have an English horn bell which discolored when soaked overnight. Its species name refers to the dark color of its heartwood and is derived from the Greek mela , or melanos … The other bridges are pulling away too. 6.25 lb/ bf. Tent. Do you think the pulling was due to the oil in the wood, or could it be that the blackwood wasn’t fully dry and acclimatized to the moisture level of the surrounding environment? P.S. x 8ft. I never had any issue with gluing ebony except for one time when the glue I used was mixed improperly (was using hot hide glue), and the ebony probably oxidized for quite some time. The timber is used mainly because of its machinability, density, dimensional stability, and moisture repellence. African blackwood is also sometimes known as grenadilla. The heartwood of Dalbergia melanoxylon (trade names: African blackwood, African ebony, grenadille d’Afrique, ébène du Sénégal, ébène du Mozambique) was already used by the ancient Egyptians for artefacts and for furniture such as thrones and beds. [clarification needed] Dalbergia sissoo has historically been the primary rosewood species of northern India. comparing to Kingwood for example? yes it can be but buying all that wood would be highly expensive and how would you even find it during the nighttime? African Blackwood is a great contrasting color embellishment on small turnings like yo-yos and tops. 65-70. The largest woodwind manufacturing companies keep up with the huge demand for this wood (in the music world we usually call it grenadilla) by using it before it’s fully seasoned, pressure-treating it with oil to compensate. Common Name: African Blackwood. ?lang=en_US, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Dalbergia&oldid=991309088, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from April 2014, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2014, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 November 2020, at 11:25. African blackwood Conservation status. To my dismay the bridge on the first one had pulled up off the soundboard before I finished the third one. Amerimnon melanoxylon (Guill. Fluorescence: A Secret Weapon in Wood Identification, Bow Woods (from a mathematical perspective), Brazilian Rosewood, East Indian, and Other Rosewoods, Genuine Lignum Vitae and Argentine Lignum Vitae, BOOK: WOOD! Nearly as black as Gabon Ebony, there is some subtle grain figuring within African Blackwood which some find more interesting visually. We age our Grenadilla stock between 5-7 years before turning it into a flute body or headjoint. Dalbergia melanoxylon (African blackwood, grenadilla, or mpingo) is a flowering plant in the family Fabaceae, native to seasonally dry regions of Africa from Senegal east to Eritrea and south to the Transvaal in South Africa.The tree is an important timber species in its native areas; it is used in the manufacture of musical instruments and fine furniture. Appearance: The heartwood is dark purplish-brown with predominate black streaks so that the general effect is nearly black and is very clearly demarcated from the yellow or white sapwood. It can be easily seasoned. Branches are clustered at the nodes. I tried the same thing on known samples of gaboon ebony and macassar ebony (both of them… Read more ». : 227, t. 53 (1832); Bak. With dozens of names recorded for the species throughout its wide natural range and export destinations, D. melanoxylon timber is commonly known as African blackwood, granadilla, mpingo (Swahili), zebrawood (Southern Africa), poyi (Uganda), dalaban (West Africa) and mgembe (Tanzania) in trade. Workability: Very difficult to work with hand or machine tools, with an extreme blunting effect on cutters. > Hardwoods > Fabaceae > Dalbergia > melanoxylon, Common Name(s): African blackwood, Mpingo (Swahili), Distribution: Dry savanna regions of central and southern Africa, Average Dried Weight: 79 lbs/ft3 (1,270 kg/m3), Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): 1.08, 1.27, Modulus of Rupture: 30,970 lbf/in2(213.6 MPa), Elastic Modulus: 2,603,000 lbf/in2(17.95 GPa), Crushing Strength: 10,570 lbf/in2(72.9 MPa). It is a good wood for pipes. A wide variety of dalbergia melanoxylon options are available to you, There are 9 suppliers who sells dalbergia melanoxylon on Alibaba.com, mainly located in Africa. Usually most common reactions simply include eye, skin, and respiratory irritation. 4.5 out of 5 stars (48) 48 reviews. Its density is 770 kg/m³. Dalbergia melanoxylon is a small, spiny, deciduous tree, which grows 5 to 7 m tall. Kuntze. The piece on the right seems to smell like ebony, but I do not know if smell is a reliable identification. DALBERGIA melanoxylon Guill. Hoping it will stay put now. The Wood: General Characteristics: Heartwood dark purplish brown with black streaking; sharply demarcated from the narrow yellowish sapwood. Many species of Dalbergia are important timber trees, valued for their decorative and often fragrant wood, rich in aromatic oils. All of this seemingly in my mind would make it a superior wood for an axe handle even though this tree… Read more ». Stickman Escrima Products were the first plastic sticks to be successfully marketed. 1.2. The pale yellow sapwood is usually very thin, and is clearly demarcated from the darker heartwood. It features a dark brown, even purplish heartwood with dark streaks. All Dalbergia species are protected under the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES). African Blackwood (Dalbergia melanoxylon) 2-3/8" x 2-3/8" x 5-7/8" dense and dark wood - some sapwood - sealed with shellac and ends waxed DavenportWood $ 33.00 Specific Gravity. I’ve used this wood as well as Kamagong for impact type weapons Dalbergia Melanoxylon Wood Knife Scale/Pistol Grips-Bookmatch Blank XLIJI. ), inlay, carving, tool handles, and other turned objects. Photograph by: Mogano Creative Commons Attribution-Share … Mechanical Properties: (2-cm standard) African blackwood is most often used in turned objects, where it is considered to be among the very finest of all turning woods—capable of holding threads and other intricate details well. It is extremely durable and handsome, and it maintains its shape well. & Perr.) For the Rhodesian weeping wattle, also known as blackwood, see Peltophorum africanum. The “Panther II” are lighter but also can be finished to look like wood, and are also much more durable. I rubbed some shellac onto the wood with my bare finger to see what the wood looks like, and the wood exuded a LOT of oil. Section of wood showing white sapwood and dark heartwood. Sustainability: African blackwood is listed on CITES appendix II under the genus-wide restriction on all Dalbergia species—which also includes finished products made of the wood. the gravity question is not as important as is the question of Characteristics of African Blackwood. Unfortunately, many online sources list African blackwood’s Janka hardness at only ~1700lbf—which seems very unlikely given its confirmed specific gravity. Avg. Since 1996 the African Blackwood Conservation Project (ABCP) has been committed to replanting the tree species Dalbergia melanoxylon – more commonly known as grenadilla, African blackwood or mpingo (Swahili) – in its native habitat of eastern Africa. While not at risk biologically, commercially only ten to twenty percent of mature trees are suitable for exportation, and harvesting is frequently done at an unsustainable rate.  Fossil seed pods of †Dalbergia mecsekense have been found in a Sarmatian deposit in Hungary. African blackwood (ABW: Dalbergia melanoxylon) is a valuable tree in Tanzanian local community forests, and heartwood has been mainly utilized as an irreplaceable material in musical instruments, e.g., clarinet, oboe and piccolo. Distribution of Legumes in the Tertiary of Hungary by L. Hably, Advances in Legume Systematics: Part 4, The Fossil Record, Ed. The tree is an important timber species in its native areas; it in P.O.A. Lookalikes/Substitutes: Commonly confused with species of ebony (Diospyros spp. Dalbergia is the genus that yields all true rosewoods. Usually the wood for this purpose is exported semi-processed as billets (page 10/50 of the document) ».
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