It’s easy to see why so many people want to learn and improve their skills in this language. Frisian, spoken by the inhabitants of the Dutch province of Friesland and the islands off the west coast of Schleswig, is the language most nearly related to Modern English. The term "English" is derived from Anglisc, the speech of the Angles—one of the three Germanic tribes that invaded England during the fifth century. See our summary resource. Google's free service instantly translates words, phrases, and web pages between English and over 100 other languages. English is the only European language to employ uninflected adjectives; e.g., the tall man, the tall woman, compared to Spanish el hombre alto and la mujer alta. Structural and grammatical changes happened as well. English has become so ubiquitous that all pilots, regardless of their native language, must be able to communicate in English. one literature fiction text ; Section B: Writing . English is the first foreign language most learners, and the official language of the United Nations, European Union and many other international organizations. English is conventionally divided into three major historical periods: Old English, Middle English, and Modern English. From its bizarre spelling rules to its free-for-all grammar, it's a daily struggle just trying to form sentences that make sense. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Add to Likebox #134763771 - Study English phrase. The parent tongue, called Proto-Indo-European, was spoken about 5,000 years ago by nomads believed to have roamed the southeast European plains. English GCSE and A-Level revision, English Language revision covering Child Language Acquisition, Groupings, Language Change and Language and Power Crystal, David. OVERALL RATING . About three-quarters of its words come from Greek and Latin, but, as Ammon Shea points out in "Bad English: A History of Linguistic Aggravation," "it is certainly not a Romance language, it is a Germanic one. Teachmeet - 'Language and Identity' NEA AS/A Level English Language. English Language Resource Guide - This booklet provides an overview of the support, guidance and resources available to those teaching the Eduqas GCSE English Language specification across our suite of … Further information about the tests and the requirements can be found below. By the 1200s, about 10,000 French words had been incorporated into English. Some words served as replacements for the English words, and others coexisted with slightly changed meanings. English adopts (without change) or adapts (with slight change) any word really needed to name some new object or to denote some new process. Choose the exam specification that matches the one you study. The center of learning gradually moved from Winchester to London, so Old English no longer dominated. ", With so many sources behind its evolution, English is malleable, with words also being invented regularly as well. The English language is the primary language of several countries, including Australia, Canada, New Zealand, the United Kingdom and many of its former colonies, and the United States, and the second language in a number of multilingual countries, including India, Singapore, and the Philippines. He continued: English derived from a Proto-Indo-European language spoken by nomads wandering Europe about 5,000 years ago. Back-formations, blends, and other types of word-formation, Transition from Middle English to Early Modern English, https://www.britannica.com/topic/English-language, English language - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). 6.0. Many teachers find games to be a strong classroom tool for foreign language students. Download Grade 12 English Home Language (HL) 2019 past exam papers and memos for revision 2020, 2019, 2018, 2017, 2016 : Pdf Download February/ March, May/June, September, and November. The English language is a mystery to all of us, whether you've been speaking it since day one, or you've just started to learn it. This makes it the most spoken language, ahead of Mandarin Chinese (1.12 billion speakers) and Hindi (637 million speakers). More than 50 countries officially list English as an official language. tense Affirmative/Negative/Question Use Signal Words; Simple Present: A: He speaks. Reading fiction. Chinese has one form: ren. Table of English tenses. Our specification is designed to inspire and motivate your students, providing … Flexibility of function has grown over the last five centuries as a consequence of the loss of inflections. Section A: Reading . Before being added to the dictionary, a new word or change to an existing word must have a considerable amount of use over time in a variety of types of publications and/or media (widespread use, not just in jargon). In English it is now possible to employ a plural noun as adjunct (modifier), as in wages board and sports editor; or even a conjunctional group, as in prices and incomes policy and parks and gardens committee. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Adopted words came from Scandinavian languages. Please be aware that UCL accepts English language tests that applicants can take online, such as Duolingo, IELTS Indicator and TOEFL Home Edition. It is also an official language of India, the Philippines, Singapore, and many countries in sub-Saharan Africa, including South Africa. Government toughens for citizenship with new language requirements. This article was co-authored by Michelle Golden, PhD.Michelle Golden is an English teacher in Athens, Georgia. English is the first choice of foreign language in most other countries of the world, and it is that status that has given it the position of a global lingua franca. ENTER GRADES. English is the language of global business and continues to become increasingly important in the global market. English Language and Study Skills. It is the mostly widely spoken second language in the world and an official language of the United Nations , the European Union , and many other international organizations and businesses. Others argue six or other quantities. 5.5. Writer and editor; Honorary Professor of Linguistics, Bangor University. With the establishment of centers of learning in Winchester, histories being written, and the translation of important Latin texts into West Saxon's dialect in 800s, the dialect spoken there became the official "Old English." Learning English can help you meet new people. Key Events in the History of the English Language, Definition and Examples of Codification in English, Definition and Examples of Linguistic Prestige, Interesting Facts About the English Alphabet, Ph.D., Rhetoric and English, University of Georgia, M.A., Modern English and American Literature, University of Leicester, B.A., English, State University of New York. For example, a Middle English long high vowel such as e eventually changed to a Modern English long i, and a Middle English long oo evolved into a Modern English ou sound. The Papers are for all Provinces: Limpopo, Gauteng, Western Cape, Kwazulu Natal (KZN), North West, Mpumalanga, Free State, and Western Cape. The combined total English-speaking population (2012) is 256,876,220 (out of a total population of 500,000,000, i.e. Modern English is analytic (i.e., relatively uninflected), whereas Proto-Indo-European, the ancestral tongue of most of the modern European languages (e.g., German, French, Russian, Greek), was synthetic, or inflected. It is the third most common native language in the world, behind only Spanish and Mandarin Chinese. Practise and improve your English language skills from beginner to advanced level. Presented here is information to guide you in learning English through school and other resources as you pursue English job opportunities. In the other Indo-European languages, apart from rare exceptions in Scandinavian languages, nouns and verbs are never identical because of the necessity of separate noun and verb endings. Kenneally, Christine. It's an official language in several African countries as well, such as Liberia, Nigeria, and South Africa, but is spoken worldwide in more than 100. As English language became highly embedded in Philippine society, it was only a matter of time before the language was indigenized to the point that it became differentiated from English varieties found in the United States, United Kingdom, or elsewhere. Want to see the specifications at a glance? It is also an official language of India, the Philippines, Singapore, and many countries in sub-Saharan Africa, including South Africa. American superhero movies and TV are especially great for learning English because they’re meant to appeal to a wide audience, sometimes including children. Assessments. descriptive or narrative writing ; Assessed. GCSE English Language . The easiest way to get language packs for Windows 8.1 and Windows RT is to download and install them using the Language Control Panel. The German and Chinese words for the noun man are exemplary. command of the English language.
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