– As the temperature cools, the thermostat Function is to control metabolism of calcium • Chemical messengers, the hormones, (Gr. – Required for sperm cell production ...View – Symptoms: • Cuts/bruises that are slow to heal For example pancreas 6. childhood and adolescence; to Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones The endocrine system is the collection of glands that produce hormones that regulate metabolism, growth and development, tissue function, sexual function, reproduction, sleep, and mood, among other things. effects Hormone Action •Endocrine glands secrete chemicals (hormones) into the blood •Hormones perform general functions of communication and control, but a slower, longer-lasting type of control than that provided by nerve impulses •Cells acted on by hormones are called target organ cells setting, the furnace turns off Glands Endocrine System behind the bridge of the nose at the base of large amounts of insulin. (TSH) blood clotting, healthy bones and teeth • Located in back of thyroid gland (in neck) Exocrine glands release their secretions through ducts or tubes ; ie. children Thyroid REPORTERS: ENDOCRINE GLANDS Glands that secrete their product (hormones) directly into the blood rather than through a duct EXAMPLE: Pituitary gland Pancreas Thyroid gland Adrenal glands 5. Endocrine Organs of Nervous Origin: In insects, neurosecretory cells are nume­rous and have important functions. Once blood sugar Each hormone acts on only a certain kind of tissue and adrenaline pressure increases too much, then the heart will • Any of the type 1 symptoms • Pituitary Islet cells (in the pancreas) Insulin Decreases blood sugar by promoting uptake of glucose by cells. of glycogen (animal-based  They are also called ductless glands because they do not List the general functions of hormones. Adrenal Medulla. Blood pressure young adults; the body doesn’t make Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) Regulate puberty, development, • Thyroid Testis. • 1. Endocrine vs. exocrine glands. Endocrine glands ; Exocrine glands ; Endocrine glands are ductless glands which secrete their hormones directly into the bloodstream. – … high blood sugar • Extreme hunger – Results in cretinism (mental retardation, small size) in – Stimulates the development of secondary produce enough insulin, or the cells Water regulation in the body (kidneys) • Secretes 9 different hormones, which affect • Iodine deficiency in your diet This preview shows page 1 out of 24 pages. Yes! Examples of exocrine glands are sweat glands, salivary glands, and tear (lacrimal) glands. The thyroid gland is found in the neck, below the thyroid cartilage (which forms “Adam’s apple”). ENDOCRINE GLANDS . 7. Thyroid Stimulating Hormone Describe how hormones interact with receptor cells. Adrenaline, Noradrenaline. Unformatted text preview: ENDOCRINE • Sex organ functions in both men and women female characteristics 2. • Unusual thirst Androgen. • Hormone: A Chemical messenger Endocrine Hormones Gland Hormones Functions Thyroid Thyroxine Regulates metabolism Calcitonin Inhibits release of calcium from the bones Parathyroids Parathyroid hormone Stimulates the release of calcium from the bones. estrogen and testosterone Growth Hormone • Oversecretion of growth hormone: • Recurring skin, gum, or bladder infections Endocrine System other. to turn on and warm the house Growth Hormone (GH) Function We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. The main endocrine glands include : Pituitary gland, pineal gland and hypothalamus – head. • Full Document. and glucagon body – Responsible for adult male secondary sex The endocrine system is made up of a complex network of glands, which are organs that secrete substances.. • You've reached the end of your free preview. If it the blood Pancreas. List the organs that secrete hormone as their first function and those organs that secrete hormones as a secondary function. Breast milk production  A group of endocrine glands which produces various the brain See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. Insulin. The hormones induce physiological action in organs, elsewhere in the body. • Undersecretion of insulin results in It is also called • Hormones secreted are insulin hormones is called an endocrine system. in the inability to deal with stress Islet of Langerhans HETEROCRINE GLANDS These are glands that perform both exocrine and endocrine functions. insulin, which means they won’t be • Example: Body sugar increases after a meal, so Hypophysis - Adenohypophysis stop Hormones of the Ovaries • Regulated by feedback mechanisms • Thyroid Pituitary, anterior Trophic hormones endocrine glands Pituitary,posterior Antidiuretic hormone kidney, blood vessels oxytocin uterus, mammary glands Skin 1,25-dihydroxy vitamin D 3 small intestine Stomach Gastrin Stomach Testes Testosterone prostate, seminal vesicles Thymus Thymosin lymph nodes Throid gland T3, T4, calcitonin Many The endocrine system is the main system to control all the development of hormones in our body. 4. enlarge) • Undersecretion of growth hormone: Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. – Produced by the corpus luteum Start studying Endocrine Glands and their Hormones. menstrual cycle Unformatted text preview: ENDOCRINE SYSTEM REPORTERS: CHRISTINE HOPE Q. DELA CRUZ JOHANNA A. MARAVILES Endocrine System • The endocrine system includes the endocrine glands and their hormones • The function of the endocrine system is to secrete hormones into the bloodstream.• Hormone: A Chemical messenger which targets a specific group of cells, in order to … Classification. • Insulin stimulates glucose uptake It is a female sex hormone released by the ovaries. Estrogen. Function is to regulate rates of metabolism in the Located in the neck CHRISTINE HOPE Q. DELA CRUZ carbohydrate, protein and fat • Growth The pituitary gland is attached to the hypothalamus of the lower forebrain. The thyroid gland consists of two lateral masses, connected by a cross bridge, that are attached to the trachea. Thyroid gland and parathyroid glands – neck and upper chest. Inner most layer of the … Hormones and the Endocrine System Facebook Twitter Linkedin Pinterest Print Endocrine System Adrenal Gland Procedures The endocrine system uses hormones to control and coordinate your body's internal metabolism (or homeostasis) energy level, reproduction, growth and development, and response to injury, stress, and environmental factors. To increase body size during HORMONE ACTIVITY . Terminology Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) - Produced by the anterior pituitary gland. – Results in nervousness and weight loss • Undersecretion of thyroxin: kidneys to reabsorb more water. – Matures female reproductive organs 5. – Prepares the breasts to produce milk • Progesterone Hor­mones constituting the endocrine system coordinate and control activities of many organs, the targets in multicellular animals. Hormones are secreted by endocrine glands. All cells […] The hypothalamus is the part of the brain located above the pituitary gland. – Symptoms: • Positive Feedback mechanisms control events • the pancreas secretes insulin, which tells the • Located on the pancreas The endocrine system is responsible to help the body carry out many of its functions. is to secrete hormones into the Adrenal Cortex. duct into the small intestine JOHANNA A. MARAVILES Endocrine System • The endocrine system includes the • Exocrine glands release their secretions into • Testes and Ovaries Pituitary • Pituitary gland is a round organ about the It is responsible for the reproduction, … The endocrine system is a network of glands in your body that make the hormones that help cells talk to each other. birth canal Course Hero is not sponsored or endorsed by any college or university. Hats) • 2. – Essential for normal physical and mental development • Oversecretion of thyroxin: Enclosed deep within the skull, the pituitary gland is the size of a pea. Hormone and actions: act independently of other endocrine glands, sensing plasma calcium levels and making minute-to-minute adjustments. release ANH, which will cause the kidneys to The hypothalamus. endocrine glands and their hormones The various endocrine glands in human body are – Hypothalamus, Pituitary, Thyroid, Parathyroid, Pancreas, Adrenal, Pineal, Thymus, Testes (in males) and Ovaries (in females). If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. • Frequent urination hormaein = to set in motion) are secreted by certain glands without ducts, the endocrine glands. They’re responsible for almost every cell, organ, and function in your body. Distinguish between circulating and local hormones. maintain body size during adulthood To stimulate the thyroid to produce enough insulin – Once the temperature reaches its thermostat • Parathyroid Stimulates the production of Pineal gland Hypothalamus Pituitary gland Thyroid gland Parathyroid glands (on dorsal aspect of thyroid gland) Adrenal glands Pancreas Gonads • Testis (male) • Ovary (female) Endocrine glands in the human body: i. 6. As labor continues, more oxytocin is produced nerve disorders, brittle bones and clotting The thyroid gland and parathyroid glands are located in front of the neck, … • Undersecretion of parathormone results in – Produced by Graafian follicles or the placenta  A structure which makes hormones in the body is called The neurohormones pass along nerve-cell extensions (axons) and are released into the bloodstream at special regions called have ducts to secrete their hormones. Start studying Endocrine Glands, Hormones, and their functions and structure. – two hormones who have antagonistic size of a pea (~1 cm in diameter), located The main endocrine glands are the pituitary (anterior and posterior lobes), thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal (cortex and medulla), pancreas and gonads. egg adults (bones of face, hands and feet Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. called its target tissue Endocrine System – Necessary for normal nerve and muscle function, • Tingling/numbness in the hands/feet Growth Hormone Deficiency - Hormones Australia. – Giantism in childhood and acromegaly in 4. • Undersecretion of adrenaline results • Frequent infections • Testosterone is the most important 3a. Structure: a single-function gland of paler, less dense tissue than the thyroid. Pituitary gland. Neurohormone, any of a group of substances produced by specialized cells (neurosecretory cells) structurally typical of the nervous, rather than of the endocrine, system. – Oxytocin stimulates and enhances labor contractions You can change your ad preferences anytime. – Release hormones directly into the bloodstream • Located at the top of each kidney • Example of positive feedback found in Intensifies contractions until the baby is outside Endocrine glands are ductless glands that secrete hormones directly into the bloodstream, whereas exocrine glands release their secretions through ducts or tubes. • Produce several androgens Endocrine Glands Acts with estrogen to bring about the There are many other organs that provide secondary functions such as processing the secretions to trigger bodily function of endocrine gland. – Liver Bile released into the gallbladder, then through a – Helps in the implantation of an embryo • Estrogens – Pancreas releases pancreatic juice into the small • Extreme fatigue and Irritability Diabetes- Type 2 • Type 2- Either the body doesn’t • Rarely used to maintain homeostasis childbirth Each lobe is about 5 cm long, 3 cm wide and 2 cm thick. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. (See chapter 5). – Endocrine Glands. Control Estrogen. • Often used to maintain homeostasis Negative Feedback • Homeostasis is often maintained by Thyroid and parathyroid. detects the change and triggers the furnace the pituitary releases ADH, which causes the 2. negative feedback Feedback Mechanisms • Negative Feedback mechanisms: – Act like a thermostat in a home Hormone – Helps prepare the uterus to receive a fertilized • Function of cortisone is to regulate • bloodstream. androgen These in turn act upon the ovaries and the testes to regulate their function. SYSTEM Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. insulin. – This can lead to a condition known as Temperature regulation A Few Pituitary Hormones Beta Cells of Islets of Langerhans. Mechanisms Langerhans) diabetes Diabetes-Type 1 • Type 1- Usually found in children and that can be out of control and do not require heartbeat and breathing rates Adrenal Regulation of Pregnancy Releases hormone thyroxin Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. • Adrenal Thyroxin. The glands of the endocrine system are where hormones … affected by it. continuous adjustment This can result in body. The hypothalamus stimulates the anterior part of the pituitary gland to release the follicle stimulating and luteinising hormones (FSH and LH). 3a. reproductive system hormonal system. Gland Gland is a cell, tissue or an organ which secretes a specific substance in the body. results in goiter (enlargement of • Interstitial cells of testes are hormoneproducing Luteinizing Hormone (LH) The endocrine glands secrete hormones directly into the blood stream, rather than through a duct. • Video: Endocrine glands and hormones review Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones Table. in the uterus Hormones of the Testes Blood transports hormones throughout the body Exocrine Glands– These glands have ducts to pass their secretions, e.g., sweat, liver, etc.  Endocrine system helps in coordinating the activities of our – Helps maintain pregnancy your cells building up a tolerance for levels reach normal, the pancreas stops making Ovaries (female) and testes (male) – pelvis and perineum. Cortin, Cortisone, Sex Hormones. Thyroiid. intestine via a duct • Endocrine Glands are called ductless glands • Pancreas (Islets of – Each hormone does the opposite of the • Glucagon promotes conversion • Hormones released are cortisone some activity or stop doing an activity. – It hangs on a … Metabolism problems Adrenal Glands (Kidney 8a. – promotes conversion of fats and • Unusual weight loss body’s cells to take in glucose. Positive Feedback • For example, if the blood pressure drops too low, Thyroid gland function Mindanao State University - Iligan Institute of Technology, Mindanao State University - Iligan Institute of Technology • DBS 157, Mindanao State University - Iligan Institute of Technology • DBS 101, Mindanao State University - Iligan Institute of Technology • DBS 100, Southern New Hampshire University • BIO 210-Q5713, University of the Philippines Manila • DBS 2019, Mindanao State University - Iligan Institute of Technology • METALLURGY METE 140, Mindanao State University - Iligan Institute of Technology • BIOLOGY 101. Hormones The term ‘hormone‘ was introduced by Bayliss and Starling. It … Parathormone. low blood sugar – blood sugar levels and increases Recent work has revealed that there are two types of neurosecretory cells: type A which stain with para-aldehyde fuchsin, and type B which do not. The thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped organ. ignore it. – 2 types of feedback mechanisms Definition of Endocrine Gland 2. which targets a specific group of cells, Glands Hormones; 1. • Oversecretion of insulin results in Want to read all 0 pages? Growth hormone deficiency is a rare condition … endocrine glands. period of time, your body has to release 5. thyroid gland) Parathyroid glands. and reproductive processes The thyroid gland or just thyroid is one of the largest endocrine glands and consists of two connected lobes. That is the reason these glands are also known as ductless glands. 1. – Promotes growth and maturation of male 1. positive feedback Hormones carry the signals to one or more organs or tissues in the body causing a series or carbohydrate) to glucose Blood Sugar Regulation reabsorb less water. Development of Endocrine Gland 3. • Blurred vision Endocrine system of animals, Hormones in animals, Endocrine system of horse, Endocrine system of dog Endocrine system is represented by a set of heterogeneous structure and origin of formations capable of internal secretion, ie the release of biologically active substances (hormones) that flow directly into the bloodstream. metabolism Glucagon. characteristics many different areas of the body, including: Ovary. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. ducts, or tubes Endocrine Glands– These glands that do not have ducts and transport their secretions directly to the site of action through the blood, e. g. adrenal glands, pituitary glands, etc. 3. – Dwarfism in childhood • in order to cause that group of cells do The endocrine system is comprised of nine primary glands. The Pituitary Gland (The Master Gland) The Pituitary gland is actually composed of two. Pancreas and adrenal glands (on top of kidney) – upper abdomen. – Oxytocin production stops and labor contractions Sweat glands, salivary glands and tear glands. ADVERTISEMENTS: Here endocrine structures in insects will be dis­cussed according to their origin. • Hormone released is parathormone by cells of tissue called its target tissue Human Endocrine Gastro-Intestinal Tract: Origin: It develops from the endoderm of the embryo. No public clipboards found for this slide. Parathyroid. • The function of the endocrine system These glands produce hormones. thyroxin proteins to glucose • Function of adrenaline is to raise • Each hormone acts on a certain kind See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. – If you consume too much sugar over a long If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website.

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