Having a batch ready to go in the fridge is like money in the bank -- learn how to get the texture just right, then try our Sorghum Salad with Carrots and Dandelion Greens. Poaceae (/ p oʊ ˈ eɪ s i aɪ /) or Gramineae is a large and nearly ubiquitous family of monocotyledonous flowering plants known as grasses.It includes the cereal grasses, bamboos and the grasses of natural grassland and species cultivated in lawns and pasture. Sorghum is a widely adaptable species that is cultivated as an annual cereal and forage crop in tropical, subtropical and temperate regions of the world. Fodders: Most of the fodders of the animals also belong to this family. First and foremost, in the United States, sorghum is used as livestock feed and turned into ethanol. Sorghum Flower Arrangements Sorghum isn't just a grain or sugar crop. Sorghum, (Sorghum bicolor), also called great millet, Indian millet, milo, durra, orshallu, cereal grain plant of the grass family (Poaceae) and its edible starchy seeds. The pressence of two nerves in palea makes some people to conclude that it is formed by the fusion of two bracteoles. forage grass seeds. is a plant of 1 to 3 meters high, solid cylindrical rod with a terminal inflorescence compact panicle. Updates? Economic Importance. For the Ragusan family, see, "World Checklist of Selected Plant Families: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew", "Sorghum laxiflorum and S. macrospermum, the Australian native species most closely related to the cultivated S. bicolor based on ITS1 and ndhF sequence analysis of 28 Sorghum species", "Flora of China Vol. It's a popular crop to grow within the drier regions of the States because it is drought resistant. Sorghum is used to make both leavened and unleavened bread. This includes one or two spike lets bisexual flowers. Sorghum for Baking Products. floral formula: actinomorphic, -3, 3- (tepals), 9 stamens, 3 fused carpels (superior ovary) umbel inflorescence (branching from one main axis) really large, thick, woody taproot (lets you know that it's perennial) stem nodes not swollen, ochre (fused stipules) not present Sorghum's versatility gives it the flexibility to reach beyond traditional marketplaces, further enhancing producer profitability. The plants represent all the 3 ecological types as hydrophytes, xerophytes and mesophytes. The characteristic strong flavour can be reduced by processing.  One species is grown for grain, while many others are used as fodder plants, either cultivated in warm climates worldwide or naturalized in pasture lands. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/sorghum-grain, The Whole Grains Council - Sorghum June Grain of the Month, Purdue University - Center for New Crops and Plant Products - Sorghum, sorghum - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), sorghum - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Broomcorn used for making brooms. Grain sorghum at the heading stage. at this time, so growers with irrigation are advised to ensure there is sufficient water for panicle exer-tion, flowering and seed set. The grain is also used in making edible oil, starch, dextrose (a sugar), paste, and alcoholic beverages. If five free sepals are present the whorl is represented by K5 and if united it is represented by K (5). County documented: documented to exist in the county by evidence (herbarium specimen, photograph). Sorghum is gaining popularity in the U.S. primarily as a result of its gluten-free property and because it is celiac safe. Sorghum Nutrition. Sorghum is a strong grass and usually grows to a height of 0.6 to 2.4 metres (2 to 8 feet), sometimes reaching as high as 4.6 metres (15 feet). Also covers those considered historical (not seen in 20 years Seventeen of the 25 species are native to Australia, with the range of some … Stalks and leaves are coated with a white wax, and the pith, or central portion, of the stalks of certain varieties is juicy and sweet. Tropical cereals spread from Central Africa not…, …may also be applied to sorghum, wheat, and rice. The development and use of sorghum for use in animal agriculture continues. One species, Sorghum bicolor, was originally domesticated in Africa and has since spread throughout the globe. Sorghum is especially valued in hot and arid regions for its resistance to drought and heat. If there are more than one whorl of an organ, they are represented by the some of their representative parts. Sorghum [Sorghum bicolour (L.) Moench] is an indigenous crop to Africa, and though commercial needs and uses may change over time, sorghum will remain a basic staple food for many rural communities. Figure 5. For the principal modern crop species, see, "Sorgo" redirects here. Soils with a Sorghum is approximately 10% protein, and is a rich source of the B-group vitamins. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. • Fe and zinc are the micronutrient most likely to be deficient in Kansas for sorghum. Navigate parenthood with the help of the Raising Curious Learners podcast. , In the early stages of the plants' growth, some species of sorghum can contain levels of hydrogen cyanide, hordenine, and nitrates which are lethal to grazing animals. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). fertilizer dollars in sorghum is from N and P. • Sulfur becoming an issue on some soils. Sorghum as a crop originated as far back as 3,000 years ago. Sorghum bicolor (L). Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Just as the soybean was used for many centuries in Asia before its introduction into the Western world, so sorghum was a major crop in Africa.... Just as the soybean was used for many centuries in Asia before its introduction into the Western world, so sorghum was a major crop in Africa. • N, P, Zn, (and K) have reliable soil tests to measure nutrient availability and predict fertilizer needs. ... Botany 109845 What Is The Floral Formula Of Graminae Family. The critical helicoverpa larvae number can be calculated with the following formula: No. 22 Page 600 高粱属 gao liang shu, "Ecogeographical distribution of wild, weedy and cultivated Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench in Kenya: implications for conservation and crop-to-wild gene flow", "Sorghum- and millet-legume cropping systems", "Flavonoids' presence in sorghum roots may lead to frost-resistant crop", "Move over, quinoa: sorghum is the new 'wonder grain, "Cyanide (prussic acid) and nitrate in sorghum crops Primary industries and fisheries. Sorghum is an excellent substitute for wheat, rye and barley for those who cannot tolerate gluten. , Global demand for sorghum increased dramatically between 2013 and 2015 when China began purchasing US sorghum crops to use as livestock feed as a substitute for domestically grown corn. It has importance both for man and animals. Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor [L.] Moench) is a warm-season (C 4 photosynthetic pathway), short-day annual grass. The plant likely originated in Africa, where it is a major food crop, and has numerous varieties, including grain sorghums, used for food; grass sorghums, grown for hay and fodder; and broomcorn, used in making brooms and brushes. Province of the eastern cape education national senior certificate grade 11 november 2012 agricultural sciences p2 marks. Sorghum is more tolerant of alkaline salts than other grain crops and can therefore be successfully cultivated on soils with a pH (KCl) between 5.5 and 8.5.  Sorghum is in the subfamily Panicoideae and the tribe Andropogoneae (the tribe of big bluestem and sugarcane). Sorghum is indeed a gluten free grain, safe for consumption for those with sensitivities . technicum). Native: indigenous. Sorghum is also used for new and expanding markets such as building material, fencing, floral arrangements, pet food, brooms and more. Sorghum, with large juicy stems containing as much as 10% sucrose, used in manufacture of syrup; sugar can be manufactured from sorghum. Within most developing countries, the sorghum crop rarely reaches the market. This family has greater importance than all other families of the flowering plants. Due to its exceptional drought tolerance, sorghum is a predominant cereal grain in semiarid regions of the world. of the millet and sorghum families was first developed in the northern savanna.